Saddam Hussein

Iraq's Living Nightmare

Background

Born in 1937, Hussein was a secularist who rose through the Baath Party to become the president (dictator) of Iraq in 1979.

Human Rights Abuses

1988 - Al Anfal Campaign - a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish population in Northern Iraq. Chemical weapons were used to carry out the campaign.


1988 - Gassing in Halabja - Chemical weapons attack on the Kurdish town of Halabja. 5,000 men, women, and children dead.

Human Right's Abuses

Invasion of Kuwait

Thirst for Oil

In 1990, Saddam Hussein's army invaded Kuwait. Thinking Kuwait should have been part of Iraq all along, Saddam invaded the country to control its oil and give Iraq greater access to the Persian Gulf. The United States invaded Kuwait in 1991 and pushed Hussein's army back into Iraq.