Chum Salmon

Dog Salmon

Scientific Classification

The chum salmon is in the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, order Salmonifores, genus Oncorhynchus, and species Oncorhynchus keta. It's binomial name is Oncorhynchus keta.

Features of the chum

They have a silver like, blue-green body. When they move into fresh water their color shifts to an olive green. Males typically have a longer snout than females. They live for an average of 6 to 7 years.

Reproduction and life

Most chum salmon reproduce in streams. Their reproductive schedule runs from March through July. The female covers the freshly laid eggs with gravel. They can lay up to 4000 eggs!


They are usually spawned in Korea, Japan, and northern Russia. In North America they are commonly distributed throughout the coastal regions of Canada, and America, and as far south as Monterey, California.


The Chum Salmon usually migrate almost immediately after birth to the ocean, which is usually within 62 miles. This is in great contrast to other pacific salmons. They undergo a large change when they convert from freshwater streams, to a large saltwater ocean.