Human Rights Watch


An Issue in Africa

Government is a huge issue in Africa mostly affecting the Sub-Saharan African countries. Milton Friedman states, "if you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in five years there'd be a shortage of sand." The most common complaints about government in Africa include corruption(dishonest behavior by those in power which often involve bribery), poor tax systems, run down and unaccountable public services, weak parliaments/legislature, and unreformed courts. The countries Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Swaziland all fell short of corruption, political representation, economic management, and the respect for human rights. In December of 2002, Mr. Kibaki Kenya's president, won and pledged to fight against Kenya's corruption. From the government in Africa, the employment rates have varied tremendously in different countries. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the employment rate is 47%, and the unemployment rate is about 12%. Where as in North Africa, the employment rate is 25% and unemployment rate is about 24%. The youth unemployment rates in Africa are about 15-30% higher than adults. According to the Africa Cultural Center, Africa is projected to grow 2 billion by 2050, and 75% of the continent is already occupied with people. The government also has to provide supplies for people, but with the political insatiability and lack of infrastructure (foundation) it makes the distribution of supplies difficult. Also, the amount that African countries earn from exports, is often less than what they have to spend on imports. This is hard for the African countries, but Milton Friedman also states, "the government solution to a problem is usually as bad as the problem."


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Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people worldwide.

The Human Rights Watch organization is an international organization that has done a lot to help others defend their rights. They work with more than 90 countries all over the world. This organization was established in 1978 by Jeri Laber, Aryeh Neier, and Robert L. Bernstein. Human Rights Watch headquarters is located in New York City, but there are many other offices around the world. Each and every day, they take on more tasks to help defend humans rights. They have made detailed recommendations to governments, rebel groups, policy makers, and the press to adopt reforms. Also, they put pressure on human rights abusers to stop violating rights and put changes in policy, law, and public opinion. Finally, they have documented genocides in Rawanda, Africa and are trying to press human rights concerns. Those are just a few examples of what Human Rights Watch has done to help.
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