The Story of U.S.
The Initial Settlement of Plymouth Massachusetts
Plymouth and why the Pilgrims Immigrated
Coming across the Atlantic, the Pilgrims were religious people who were apart of a religious reformed group. They had emigrated to Holland from England previously to escape religious persecution. This was a transnational migration considering it was over seas to a new land. The pilgrims did not enjoy the life style of not being able to worship who they wanted so they decided to embark on an unknown journey across the sea which would change our nations history forever.
Push Pull Factors of Settling in the Unknown Territory
There are many reasons why the Pilgrams decided to migrate over seas, the most obvious one being because of religion. In England they were required to practice The Church of England, the Pilgrams how ever did not agree with their beliefs nor practices. Many of these people who did not agree fleed over to Holland, although many were caught crossing and unfortunately were persecuted or sent to jail in England. As the population was starting to grow many people realized the space and opportunity was becoming very limited. The land for farming was getting cut down and turned into an urban area involved with drugs, gambling, and prostetution. It was hard to provide for their family when jobs were limited and hard. After moving to Holland many of the Pilgrams had to adapt to the new culture and raise their kids learning a new language. In 1620 the people decided it was time to head back to England and head towards this "New World" where they could practice the religion they wanted to and land would be abundant. Here in the new world the wealth and land was over flowing, everyone could tell that the U.S. was a land full of opportunity just waiting to be discovered. . There were so many rich resources right at their finger tips. Although they could practice their own religion it was still also England which was a good and bad thing. It wasn't so easy traveling there though.
Struggle of Migrating
The Pilgrims headed back to England in November to embark on their joinery across the Atlantic on The Mayflower. Crossing a large bod of water will always have difficulties due to the fact that you have to travel on a small wooden boat carrying 102 people and supplies. The Mayflower encountered lots of storms, sicknesses, eating cold food, and difficulties, yet still managed to make it to their destination. The people onboard the boat were split into two groups, the Saints and the Strangers. They argued a lot but when time came they both decided to stay together and created the Legendary Mayflower Compact. After seedling the Pilgrims first winter was very harsh as newbies. Food was scarce, snow was deep, and many member of the colony became sick and unfortunately many died. Despite difficulties the people were able to get along at practice what they believed without being told to do something else. For the most part there were people for every job needing to be acquired, including craftsman, farmers, lumber jack, and woman at home to raise the children, make clothes, and prepare food to survive off of. The people of early settlements did not have a set ruler to tell them what to do, and also did not know the area very well to be able to hunt and gather new types of food from their new home. It was nothing like their land back home or life style not receiving the innovatory they normally do. There would sometimes be periods of times when no supplies would arrive, they had to adapt to the new culture and how to survive on their own until they met an unlikely friend.
Native Americans Attitude Towards The Pilgrims
Since the Pilgrims were one of the first people to settle in America the only other people there were The Native Americans. Before explorers had brought diseases upon the natives and even killed and captured many. During that first winter, the Native Americans had avoided all contact with the Pilgrims. One day an Indian named Squanto approached the Pilgrims and realized they were nothing like the sailors that had moved here before, the pilgrims weren't looking to take their food but instead payed their respects to there burial sites. Squanto taught the Pilgrims how to get food in Plymouth (getting maple sap from trees, where to fish and hunt) most of all he taught them how to get along and create peace despite the fact that they were two different groups of people. William Bradford, governor of Plymouth called a feast due to this casino which is presently known as Thanksgiving.
1st Wave of Migration
The United States (being the third most populous country) has had three main eras of migration. The first era was the initial settlement of the colonies which includes the pilgrims and basically how our nation started. In the first era almost all of the immigrants were Europeans and Africans. Most of the Africans were forced to migrate to "The New World" to become slaves, for the Europeans it was more voluntary (although they did leave because of persecution and economic conditions it was hard to tell the difference). In total about 40,000 Africans were shipped to the Colonies prior to independence. 90% of Immigrants from Europe came from Great Britain, others Dutch, Swedes, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.
Video over Plymouth Colony and the Pilgrims
Plymouth Colony and the Pilgrims