Ratifying the Constitution

By Meghann Roepe

Federalists and Antifederalists

  • A debate began among some Americans when the Constitution went public. Antifederalists didn't think the Constitution Convention should have created a new government. The Federalists supported the Constitution.
  • There was a debate about the new Constitution being approved between the Federalists and the Antifederalists.
  • Many Antifederalists were small farmers and debtors and Federalists were very wealthy farmers, lawyers, and planters.

Federalist Papers

  • The most important defenses of the Constitution is in the essays known as the Federalist Papers. It was written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay. They tried to tell the Americans that the new government would not overpower the states. The Federalist Papers were printed in newspapers around the country. It was published in book form in 1788.
  • Antifederalists wrote articles and pamphlets that became known as the Antifederalists Papers.
  • Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution in December 7, 1787, and New Hampshire was the ninth state in June 1788.
  • In June 1788, the Constitution was put into effect.

Bill of Rights

  • A lot of states ratified the Constitution only because they were told that a bill, that would protect individual rights, would be added to it. Man of the Antifederalists thought it would not protect their personal freedoms.
  • Some Federalist said it did not need a bill because it was already a bill. The Constitution was written to protect the liberty of U.S citizens.
  • The states ratified the Bill of Rights in December 1791.

Ratifying the Constitution

Written by Meghann Roepe. I give credit to

*Holt McDougal United States History book


*KAZ Vorpal


*Political Graveyard

* Tim Evanson