Be smart, don't start!
by: Kerah & Rikki
- Smoking kills more than 440,000 Americans each year.
- Secondhand smoking kills an additional 49,000
- 20% of people below poverty level are smokers
- 45.3% of people with their GED smoke
- 22.1% of people between the ages of 25-44 smoke
Problems & Conditons:
- Smoking can cause:
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Erectile dysfunction
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Cleft lips and palates in fetuses
- Mouth, nose, and throat cancers
- Lung cancer
- Cancer of the cervix
Ways to Quit Smoking:
- Counseling and medication
- Nicotine patch
- Nicotine gum
- Smoking quitline: 1-877-44U-QUIT (1-877-448-7848)
Chemicals found in tobacco:
- Cresol - acute inhalation can cause throat, nasal and upper respiratory irritation. It is used in disinfectants, wood preservatives and solvents.
- Crotonaldehyde - a warning agent in fuel gasses. Experts say it messes up the human immune system. It can also cause chromosomal changes.
- Formaldehyde - part of the resin used in foam insulation, plywood, fiberboard and particleboard. It can cause nasal cancer, as well as damaging the digestive system, skin and lungs.
- Hydrogen Cyanide - some states use this chemical in their gas chambers for executions. It weakens the lungs and causes fatigue, headaches and nausea. It is used in the production of acrylic plastics and resins, and can also be a fumigant.
- Hydroquinone - has a detrimental effect on the central nervous system. Also causes eye injuries and skin irritation. It is used in varnishes, motor fuels and paints.
- Isoprene - similar to 1,3-butadiene. It causes skin, eye and mucous membrane irritation. It is used in rubber.
- Lead - lead damages the nerves in the brain, as well as the kidneys and the human reproductive system. Lead intake can also cause stomach problems and anemia. It is a known carcinogen and is particularly toxin to children. Lead is used in paint and metal alloys.