By: Sam Rechkemmer

Treatments and How it's Cured

Meningitis is treated by intravenous antibiotics, and other antibiotics/painkillers, but it depends on what kind of meningitis you have. You also need to be drinking lots of liquids and to rest a lot. If the symptoms of viral meningitis are severe enough to require hospital admission, antibiotics will be given until the cause of the symptoms is known. In very severe cases, where someone is in hospital with viral meningitis, anti-viral medicines may be given.

How it's Prevented and What to Look For

To prevent meningitis you need to wash your hands, use good hygiene, stay healthy, cover your mouth when coughing, have a good diet, and take the immunizations available. What to look for includes fever, severe headache, confusion, vomiting, and stiff neck. Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette.


Symptoms of meningitis includes sudden high fever, headaches, stiff neck, vomiting, confusion, seizures, sleepiness, sensitiveness to light and sound, not eating/drinking, skin rashes. And most cases of meningitis are viral or bacterial. Meningitis is caused by viral or bacterial infection when it goes into the blood stream. Meningitis is an infection of the membranes


One of the biggest outbreaks of meningitis is the 2009-2010 Western African Outbreak. Around 1,000 people died and there were about 25,000 suspected cases. It occurred in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. And 1/3 of the Emergency Vaccine Stock was used in this epidemic. The area where this epidemic happened is known as the Meningitis Belt. There has also an epidemic of bacterial meningitis, and it caused almost 10,000 deaths.

History and Facts

There have been about one million cases and around 100,000 deaths from meningitis in the last twenty years, and about four thousand those deaths were from 2009 alone. And meningitis mainly affects kids from the age one to three, and is mainly located in Sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia. Meningitis is in your brain, spinal cord, and central nervous system. Each year thousands of cases are diagnosed in the U.S. and it can be very life threatening. Most cases of meningitis are isolated, and the risk of the infection spreading is low.

Meningitis Vaccine Project

The Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) is a partnership between PATH and the World Health Organization. The mission of the MVP is to eliminate meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa through the development, testing, introduction, and widespread use of conjugate meningococcal vaccines. The disease of meningitis is an infection of the meninges, the lining that surrounds your brain, and your spinal cord. And even with good treatment around 10% of patients die, and 20% if survivors have serious health problems. In 1996-1997 the largest epidemic swept across Africa causing about 250,000 cases and 25% of the people died. People are working on a vaccine to stop meningitis, and if introduced to all twenty-five countries of the African Meningitis Belt this vaccine is expected to eliminate the primary causes of epidemic meningitis. It is also expected to save 150,000 babies from getting meningitis, but it is either unavailable or too expensive. That vaccine is used to control epidemics after it has began, and is particularly effective to protect young children. It is estimated that introduction of the vaccine, in all Meningitis Belt countries, will require the mobilization from donor governments and an additional $475,000,000.


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Meningitis Outbreak Toll. Digital image. Http:// Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Meningitis Symptoms in Babies. Digital image. Http:// Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Meningitis Vaccination. Digital image. Http:// Web. 16 Dec. 2014.