Gastric Ulcers

Better keep a good diet or else!

By Katie, Tatianna and Rachel

What is it?

Also known as peptic ulcer, is a localized area of erosion in the stomach lining, resulting in abdominal pain.


The most common cause of gastric ulcer is a stomach infection associated with the Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) bacteria. The spread of H pylori among humans is not completely understood; it may spread through contaminated food and water. Many people become infected with H pylori at a young age, but symptoms most commonly occur in adulthood.

Causes

Causes include :

Other causes of gastric ulcer include agents that can cause inflammation of the stomach lining, including alcohol, tobacco, and medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Severe illness and radiation therapy have also been associated with gastric ulcers

Treatment, Diagnosis & Prognosis

Treatment: antibiotic therapy, proton pump inhibitors and histamine H2-receptor antagonists


Prognosis:

Most ulcers heal with medication in 6 to 8 weeks. Recurrence is common, but is less likely if H. pylori infection is treated and acid-blocking medications are continued.


Diagnosis: diagnose an ulcer, including X-rays, tissue tests and blood tests






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If you are at risk for ulcers, use caution when taking aspirin and NSAIDs.