Vitamins

Kelsey Winnett

What are Vitamins?

Vitamins are essential nutrients found in foods. They are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins that your body needs. Vitamins are divided into two groups: water soluble and fat soluble. Water soluble vitamins are known as the vitamin B-complex group. Fat soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K.

Water Soluble Vitamins vs. Fat Soluble Vitamins

There are 8 types of water soluble vitamins in the vitamin B-complex group: vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, folic acid, biotin, and pantothenic acid. The B vitamins are important for normal appetite, good vision, and healthy skin, nervous system, and red blood cell formation.


Fat soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K, and are stored in the body for long periods of time and generally pose a greater risk for toxicity when consumed in excess with water soluble vitamins. The body only needs small amounts of vitamins. Taking vitamin supplements may lead to toxicity.

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What do Vitamins do to keep your body healthy?

There are many different types of vitamins and all of them do different things for your body. Some certain things that certain vitamins do are:


  • Vitamin D helps your bones and is found in milk.
  • Vitamin A helps you see things in the dark.
  • Vitamin C helps your body heal cuts.
  • B vitamins help your body make energy from foods.
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Can you have too much or too little amount of vitamins?

Too much

Just like how each vitamin helps a different part of your body and has a specific purpose. Vitamin C can cause stomach cramps, nausea, kidney stones, and diarrhea if you consume too much of it. Vitamin B6 can cause nerve problems and niacin can cause flushing of the body. Having too much Vitamin A can cause birth defects and having too high of levels of Vitamin E may increase the risk of hemorrhaging. Vitamin K can cause blood thinner medications to be reversed.


Too little

If you develop a deficiency of Vitamin A, you can have dry skin, slow bone growth, and night blindness. Vitamin D can help your body absorb calcium and if you don't have enough your bones can become brittle and weak. With too little Vitamins A and E your immune system will suffer and without Vitamin K your blood won't clot properly.

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