The Cold War

History

Background

The Cold War was mainly between US and the Soviet Union. It was a Cold War because no actual fight occurred, just threats and stand offs. The US was fighting for ideals and principles. Vietnam and Korean War was considered apart of the Cold War.

Events of the Cold War

Cuban Missile Crisis

This was the height of the Cold War. It was the most intense part and one of the only periods in the US history where America has been at a Defcon-2 level of emergency. After the bay of pigs invasion failed, Russia brought nuclear weapons to Cuba. Right at our back door step. They used this to counter our act in Turkey where we have our missiles. An agreement was reached to call back missiles from the areas. (recalled the missiles)

Bay of Pigs Invasion

This was a covert operation set up by the Cia. The plan was for Cuban mercenaries to invade Cuba through the Bay of Pigs in order to bring down Fidel Castro, the Communist dictator of Cuba. The invasion failed when Kennedy's advisors advised him not to send in air support. A lack of support from the Americans caused the mercenaries to fail. This eventually led to the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Vietnam War

This was an actual war within the Cold War. According to the Domino Theory presented by President Eisenhower. If one Southeast Asian country fell to Communism, all of Southeast Asia would fall. A result of this theory, American troops were sent to Vietnam to protect South Vietnam from the Communist leader Ho Chi Minh. America was involved in this war for twenty years before we finally pulled out.

Berlin Wall

This was one of the first major events of the Cold War and also one of the Soviet Union's first acts of aggression against America. The USSR was upset about Berlin being divided between themselves. Since Berlin was in the USSR's territory, they wanted full control over the city. America was able to help the Berlin people by airdropping supplies.

Important Individuals

Nikita

His policy focused on what he called the "de-Stalinization" of Europe. Being highly supportive of the Space Race against the United States. Most importantly the negotiations with President Kennedy during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Fidel Castro

This man was the Communist leader of Cuba. His agreement with the Soviet Union to allow to ship nuclear missiles to the island of Cuba resulted in one of the most intense and dangerous periods in U.S. history.

Nixon

Nixon was another President of the United States during the Cold War and another important figure. He was not involved in any significant wars, he was a strong supporter of NASA and also the Space Race against the Soviet Union.

Harry Truman

Served as President of the United States from 1945 to 1953. He is responsible for instituting the Truman Doctrine. His plan was to contain Communism and the Marshall Plan to provide aid to suffering European countries.