Revolutionary War

By: Hannah Heger

Introduction

Have you ever wondered what really happened leading up to the Revolutionary War? On this document I will be talking about King George III, John Adams, Boycotts, Boston Tea Party, Stamp Act, Boston Massacre, and First Continental Congress and how they all led up to the beginning of the war.

King George III

One major event he was part of was Boston Tea Party because he is the one who started the conflict of this event by sending the tea to American ground only and made colonists pay taxes to get the tea because he needed the taxes to pay for the debt he has to pay from previous wars and expenses. The next event he was a part of was Boycotting because most of the tax raises and larger events all eventually led to boycotting. Something else that made him significant as a king was he was one of the longest ruling monarchs.


King George III was influenced by his dad which was the previous king (King George II). He ended up taking the throne after the "Seven Years' War" ended that's what started the debt that the British had to pay. In 1763 he also had to raise taxes because of the Turmoil War. He died in 1820 by a mental illness that has been in his family for a while, during he had to take a break from the public because of this.

John Adams

Something that made him significant was he was a good leader and he was one of two signers of the Declaration of Independence that later became a president. Some important events he was a part of were the Boston Massacre, and the Continental Congress. He was part of the Boston Massacre because he defended the British, in the end only two British soldiers were convicted for manslaughter. He was part of the Congress because he was on the that part of the government that helped make decisions.


Things that influenced who he is now, was both him and his dad being in the general government area. Adams felt very strongly as to the right and wrong ways of doing things. I think that he felt so strongly about certain things because he was a lawyer. He did not approve the Stamp Act because he felt there were different ways to do things. He died in 1826 by a heart problem.

Stamp Act

The Stamp Act started in 1765 when the Sons of liberty led a group of people to protest against the king's tax raises on printed paper. In order for the king to know that they paid the taxes for the paper, every time they would by a paper they would get a stamp that would show they paid the tax. After this was over the protesting and boycotts were improved. This act was based off of the Sugar Act.


Some people that were involved in this event were the Sons of Liberty, they were involved because they were the ones who led this and the ones who started all the protests and boycotting. John Adams was apart of it because he disagreed with it and didn't agree with some decisions that were made. Some consequences that happened were there were mobbing and a lot of protests. All of this led up to the beginning of the Revolutionary War.

Boycotts

When people boycotted that means they would stop buying British goods because people didn't want to pay for the debt that the British owed. Boycotting started in the 1765-1768. This was the first direct taxation toward the colonies, they were acts in the American colonies that led up the Revolutionary War. A key person to this conflict was King George because he is the one who caused the events and then the events led to boycotting.


There were various boycotts. The Stamp Act was one of the most important things to Boycotts because of the tax raises. Most of the Acts eventually ended up to boycotts. Boycotting is another way of refusing to do something or not cooperate into doing what you need to. As consequences some of the taxes were not paid because they stopped buying the British goods. In the end boycotting was eventually refined.

Boston Massacre

It started when a street fight broke out on March 5th, 1770 after 50 citizens came and attacked the British Sentinel. There were two groups that took part in this, there was a patriot group and a group of British soldiers. Samuel Adams led the patriot side and Thomas Hutchinson led the British side. There was a lot of conflict because John Adams and Josiah Quincy II defended the British. In the end only two British soldiers were accused of manslaughter.


It resulted in several deaths of the colonists and the deaths of the colonists led to a campaign by speech writers. The event of the Boston Massacre is the cause of the Revolutionary War. This was known as a smaller "war" that turned into a bigger war (Revolutionary) all because of the conflict between the two (Adams and Quincey II) because they defended the British.

Boston Tea Party

This event started in 1773 by people arguing about tax raises by the king. There were about 116 people that were involved in this and 3 ships were attacked. The ships and tea were not British. The ships were American and the Tea was from China. It all happened when the colonists dressed up as indians and then started raiding the ships and throwing tea overboard. This was one act that wasn't that violent because no one did die in this Tea Party.


After the Boston Tea Party happened many people left Boston. This also happened after the Boston Massacre. For almost 7 years after the government still didn't catch the people that took part in this but eventually they were all caught. One of the most important person that was in the tea party were Paul Revere because he joined them in protesting about tax raises. After this was done later on there was a second Boston Tea Party, than it led up to more things that lead up to the war.

First Continental Congress

First Continental Congress started in 1774 and went until the year 1789. This served the 13 colonies government until later on the United States. In 1776 they declared America's freedom from the British. The First Continental Congress made the first national constitution. They passed the Articles of Association which meant that the colonies are stopping important goods from the British isle. The First Continental Congress often met inside of the Carpenters' Hall. There were always delegates from each colony except for Georgia. The First Continental Congress discussed intolerable acts and punishments for the Boston Tea Party.


The delegates took two major actions, one they sent a letter to King George III saying he should stop intolerable acts otherwise they would boycott. They also said that if the British did not meet their needs that they would have to meet up with them in person. Members of the First Continental Congress were, John Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington. When it came to the British the government requested for them to do something are way, and if they didn't they would try to meet in person to sort it out.

Connections

People/events/conflicts/collaborations

The Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea party were the two events that eventually led the first Continental Congress to demand that all citizens regardless of where from have equal rights. They planned to meet and organize Americans against Britain, this helped start an organized move towards war. At that time it was King George who was leading Britain. The Revolutionary War was full of battles and boycotts against British rule and this rallied Americans such as John Adams to form a committee to write the Declaration of Independence and eventually the war ended


Cause/effect

For more than ten years before the war even began Americans were growing tired of British rule. The British government wanted to raise taxes on Americans, the Stamp Act was one of these new taxation 9a new type of tax). The Americans protested which then led the British to try and stop the protesters and Americans were killed, the Boston Massacre. Americans in return went after British ships and dumped tea into the harbor, Boston Tea Party. These acts led colonists such as John Adams to go to the First Continental Congress to raise issue with Britain who said all citizens were equal, which helped give Americans hope and they would then be ready to start the war


Conclusion

The two men (Adams and George III) and the three events (Boston Massacre, Stamp Act, and Boston Tea Party) were the leading cause of the Revolutionary War. Boycotting was something that came after many of the events, but was still one of the major events that took place during this period of time. Then the last thing that happened was the First Continental Congress that was their government that made most of the decisions.

Works Cited

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