Vietnam War

Period 1 - Kyungbin and Grace

#1: Terms

Cold War - Rising tensions between capitalist America and communist Russia created a stand-off between the two. These decades of war did not include any nuclear or actual violence, but was extremely close to it (for example, the Cuban Missile Crisis).Containment - The dominating foreign policy in America around the mid 1900s. Knowing there is no way to remove communism all at once, the U.S. decided to let communism stay where its at, but not spread to other countries by any means.DMZ - The demilitarized zone dividing North and South Korea after the Korean war. At the 38th parallel, this line was created in order to take in place the cease fire between the nations.Domino Theory - As dominoes effected another, tumbling one by one, it was thought that if communism rules over one country, it would dominate others and keep falling countries into it.Draft - required recruitment of men into the military for the war effort, this created more strength into the anti-war movement.General William Westmoreland - Commander of all US forces in Vietnam. His strategy was forceful and without mercy. He was the one to alert LBJ that the end of the war was near for the US.Ho Chi Minh - Communist leader of North Vietnam. He was liked by the majority of Vietnam because he drove the French and Japanese out, as well as redistributed land.My Lai Massacre - A "search and destroy" mission executed by US troops in My Lai. This controversial massacre created much conflict back in the US and in Vietnam, killing innocent citizens.National Liberation Front - Also known as the NLF, this pro North Vietnam political group aided and supported the people of South Vietnam who opposed its side of Vietnam's political views.Ngo Dinh Diem - Non-communist leader of South Vietnam. Called off the election of Vietnam's official president when he was losing, part of the reason North Vietnam results in attempting to overthrow South Vietnam. Pentagon Papers - A series of top secret, government papers concerning the Vietnam War that were published by the New York Times. This created major public distrust to the government and Nixon.Tet Offensive - An attack by the Vietcong and South Vietnam, making the US rethink their ability to win the war easily. This made the public become anti-war.Viet Cong - Groups of anti-Diem, anti-South Vietnam citizens who rapid grew throughout the years, up to the Vietnam War. They were supported by the North and helped them fight in the war.Vietnamization - US policy during the Vietnam War that was meant to gradually remove US troops from Vietnam and let South Vietnam fend for itself.

#2 Pathways to War, the Gulf of Tonkin Incident

Synopsis- Two American ships were attackes by the NorthVietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2nd, 1964. Therefore, President Johnson asked Congress to support his military decisions related to the war. Impact- The impact was really negative for US, because it led us to enter the war that was not necessary and result losing thousands of lives.

#3: Creating Context

  1. The Election of 1956
  2. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  3. Operation Rolling Thunder
  4. April 7, 1965: Aid for Peace
  5. Operation Crimp
  6. The Tet Offensive
  7. My Lai Massacre
  8. Kent State University Tragedy
  9. Operation Homecoming
  10. 1973 Peace Agreement

#3: Creating Context - Continued

  1. The Election of 1956: Communist North Vietnam and Non-Communist South Vietnam were supposed to have an election for Vietnam's president. As South Vietnam leader Diem realizes he is about to lose the election, calls off the election, creating tension between the two Vietnams. This is important because it makes the North into invading the South, starting the rising problems between the two sections into the war.
  2. My Lai Massacre: A mission held by Charlie Company, this battle created much controversy as the "search and destroy" motto forced soldiers to kill innocent citizens. This is important because it shows the brutal ways American troops have gone into during the war and builds up the anti-war opinion in America.
  3. 1973 Peace Agreement: The peace treaty between North and South Vietnam, the Vietcongs, and the US stopped the war. This is important because in the end, the US and anti-communists in Vietnam lost due to the fall of Saigon and the rise of communism.

#4: Veterans in Vietnam

Frank Ibanez Aceves was a electrician when he enlisted in the Navy. He worked his way up and was stationed at Dong Tam, upkeeping boats that patrolled Mekong Delta rivers and canals. The only dilemmas he faced were sleep deprivation and dealing with mortar attacks. He sees the war as a rewarding experience that helped him become a better electrician. (Grace Ko)

#4: Veterans in Vietnam

Martha Bell was a nurse who was looking to expand her experience and points of views. She enlisted in a nursing program for the war effort that landed her in Vietnam. There she treated primarily Vietnamese patients instead of Americans, and created a close relationship with her fellow nurses. She became deluded in her politics by the ways of Saigon and traveled back home with a stronger mind after what she'd seen in her Vietnam patients.

(Kyungbin Goh)

#5 Top 10 Vietnam War Songs

1- Fortunate Son ( Creedence Clearwater Revival)2- Born In The USA ( Bruce Springsteen)3- Revolution (The Beatles)4- Imagine (John Lennon)5- Masters of War (Bob Dylan)6- Turn, Turn, Turn (The Byrds)7- Give Peace a Chance (John Lennon)8- Get Together (The Youngbloods)9- It Gets Better Soon (Chicago)10- Blowin' In The Wind (Peter, Paul and Mary)

#6 Heros or Villans at My Lai?

Hugh Thompson

Even though Thompson get death threats after testifying the My Lai massacre, his actions during the massacre were heroic. By pointing his machine gun at American troops who were killing the innocent Vietnam citizens, he and his crew members saved about 20 peoples lives

William Calley

Compare to Thompson, Calley is known as a villain in American history. Calley is one of the people who is responsible for the death of more than 300 Vietnam citizens. In My Lai, Calley ordered hismen to kill and clear the village.
Big image

The Story Behind the Picture

Larry Burrows was the photographer who died during the war. Some people say it is just a picture. However, to take a single picture during the war, photographers need to risk their lives and dangers. Larry Burrows knew this dangers but he enjoyed his job of taking war pictures, because they reflect the reality of the war to people.