Lyme Disease

By: Nolan Frey


Lyme disease was discovered in the late 1970s in Lyme, Connecticut. Although discoveries weren't made until then,old rats in a lab were diagnosed, so we don't know how long it has been around.
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Lyme disease has many symptoms such as,

  • Rash
  • Joint pains
  • Eye infection
  • Paralysis
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Abnormal heart problems
  • Arthritis
  • Impaired mood
  • lost sleep and memory
Most Symptoms appear within a month of infection. Symptoms vary from person to person but most people get the rash but everything else, a patient may or may not get.
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Areas Affected

Lyme disease affects many areas of your body such as,

  • Heart
  • Joints
  • Nervous system
  • Skin
  • Jaw
  • Bladder
  • Lungs
  • Ears
  • Eyes
  • Throat
  • Stomach
  • And other organs
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Treatments And Cures

Lyme disease doesn't have any one vaccination that works for sure but there are some options that help, such as oral antibiotics which help within 10 and 21 days depending on an individual's reaction. Another option is intravenous antibiotics which help in 14 to 28 days depending on reaction. Some more treatment options are Bismacine, and other antibiotics that usually include doxycycline and tetracycline. For Children under the age of 7, penicillin is another treatment option.
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Causes and Transmissions

Lyme disease is transmitted by Bacterium Borrelia bergdorferi which is carried by ticks and is the cause of Lyme disease. In order to be infected you must be bitten by a tick and that tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours in order to let the disease infect you.
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You can prevent Lyme disease by taking some simple precautions, staying away from grassy and woody areas, wearing the appropriate clothing (light colored), use bug spray, keep your yard tick free by keeping all wood piles in the sun and removing all stick or leaf piles, clean areas around bird feeders, check yourself and others often, remember you can get Lyme disease more than once, remove ticks with tweezers, pull the tick's head out also, clean and disinfect area where the tick was and, stay on trails.
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Where You Can Find Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease is a very big virus, you can find Lyme disease all over the world. Lyme disease is mostly in the U.S.A.and North America but it is also found in South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Europe. (Basically found in every continent except Antarctica.)
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Similar Diseases

Lyme Disease is similar to some other disease based on symptoms, like the flu and a severe cold. Then there is also other tick spread diseases such as, Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Human Granulocyte, and Anaplasmosis.
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Lyme disease is the second fastest growing infectious disease in the world (Influenza is the first). There are many facts about Lyme disease such as,

  • Between 15 and 30% of young ticks are infected.
  • About 50% of adult ticks are infected.
  • Between 1 and 3% of humans become infected in their life time.
  • 95% of the World's Lyme disease cases are from the U.S.
  • Between 12,000 and 15,000 last year.
  • In 2013 Lyme disease was the 5th common nationally notifiable disease.
  • There are 850 kinds of ticks but but only about 100 types carry the disease.
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My Disease In Iowa

In Iowa, Lyme disease is a big problem. In the IDPH (Iowa Department of Public Health) we are trying really hard to find an effective antibiotic. The IDPH is also undergoing research to prove that dog ticks can also carry and transmit the disease. All cases must be reported to the IDPH and the CDC. In 2013 there was 247 cases which is the most cases since 2002. the 2013 is a 110.5 % increase of cases over the last three years. in Iowa 8.1 out of 100,00 people get the disease. The age spread from patients vary from 2 to 87! to give you an idea of how big of a problem Lyme disease is in Iowa, here are the number of cases by year,

  • 2004- 49
  • 2005- 89
  • 2006- 97
  • 2007- 123
  • 2008- 85
  • 2009- 77
  • 2010- 68
  • 2011- 72
  • 2012- 92
In 2013 there was an outstanding 153 reported cases with 94 probable but not confirmed!

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Works Cited

"The Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology (CADE)." IDPH. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Aug. 2014. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

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"Five Tick Diseases You Should Know About." Fox News. FOX News Network, 23 July 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

IDPH. Digital image. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

"Iowa Lyme Disease Association News." Iowa Lyme Disease Association News. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

"Lyme Disease." Web. 11 Dec. 2014.

"Lyme Disease Data." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Aug. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"Lyme Disease." Illinois Department of Public Health. Illinois Department of Public Health. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"Lyme Disease." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Joseph. The Nemours Foundation, 01 July 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"Lyme Disease." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.

"Lyme Disease." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.

Map of World. Digital image. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

Peterson, Judy Monroe. Lyme Disease. Mankato, MN: LifeMatters, 2001. Print.

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Pills. Digital image. Simple Health Guide. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia B. Silverstein, and Laura Silverstein. Nunn. Lyme Disease. New York: Franklin Watts, 2001. Print.

Symptom chart (affected). Digital image. Phoenix Rising. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Symptoms. Digital image. Media Cache. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Tick Bite. Digital image. Affordable Animal Removal. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.