Feminism

By: Marilyn Flores

What caused feminism?

During WWII, many women took over the jobs of men while men were away at war. Jobs like welding, machine repair, operating tractors, etc., were common jobs women took over. However, before the war, if women asked for a job a man usually does, business managers would make the excuse that she is taking the job of a man. Managers would rather give the job opportunity to a man. This excuse did not apply during WWII, so women found this to be the perfect chance to prove that women were capable of working in the same jobs and conditions as men. Many women were determined to work outside of their homes, and because of this, army generals saw this as an opportunity as well. According to the article "American Women in World War II," it states "General George Marshall supported the idea of introducing a women’s service branch into the Army." Women were eager to finally get out of their home and experience these new opportunities.

After the war ended and women were back to working at home, they decided to make a change in women rights and policies. Women such as Betty Friedan lead protests that supported women rights, Organizations were created to encourage women to work in politics, and to eliminate gender roles. Feminism still exists today to promote equal rights between men and women.

Why are some women against feminism?

Women believe that "real life feminism has come to mean something else: vilification of men, support female privilege, and a demanding view of women as victims" (Cathy Young). According to Cathy Young in her article "Women Against Feminism: Some women want equality without anger," she explains that nowadays, women see feminism as an excuse to feel as the "victimized class." Some women use excuses that they are less likely to get a job or education because they are women. However, studies have shown that women have improved and passed men in educational attainment. Women are currently earning about 60 percent of college degrees. Some women believe that they do not need feminism for equality. Many are looking towards true equality without hostilely putting down a specific gender.

Bibliography

"The 1960s-70s American Feminist Movement: Breaking Down Barriers for Women." Tavaana. E-Collaborative for Civic Education, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. <https://tavaana.org/en/content/1960s-70s-american-feminist-movement-breaking-down-barriers-women>

This source was a secondary source that received its data from studies and it created value as well as a limitation. Since it gave statistics with the primary source, it was reliable and it supported the argument of Feminism. It gives a precise percentage of women who worked during the 1960's. It gives a perspective of the men that did not want to hire women. The limitation would be on how the article does not include any men involved in the movement of feminism.


"Feminism." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/323096#>.


"Betty Friedan Biography Women's Rights Activist, Journalist (1921–2006)."Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

<http://www.biography.com/people/betty-friedan-9302633>

This source is a secondary source which caused limitation. Since it was in the perspective of the author, I had to make sure I gave factual evidence instead of an opinion. However, the information given created value and helped identify events on specific dates as well as the early life of Betty Friedan. Learning about her life helped emphasize her motives as a feminist.


"Early History." Early History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

<http://now.org/about/history/statement-of-purpose/>

The National Organization for women is a primary source that creates value. By using this source, I can understand the perspective better of the ideas and intentions of this organization. It was first documented in a National Conference in the 1960's. Therefore, the statement/essay was important during the time period and the organization NOW relied on this statement of purpose. However, the website NOW states that their feelings do not reflect on this essay which creates limitation.


"President Woodrow Wilson Speaks in Favor of Female Suffrage."History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.