Overpopulation

Harrison, Kennedy, and Stacey

What is overpopulation?

Overpopulation is an inability of the enviroment to support the existing population of humans. Absoulte overpopulation is when living things have exceeded their ability to sustain their exsistance.

Carrying capacity

The current population of the Earth is roughly seven billion people. Our planet has a carrying capacity in which only 2 billion people can sustain life with valuable resources. As the population grows, the amount of resources needed also grows. People are cutting down forests for resources due to their need for resources. There is not enough resources to support a desirable quality of life for every person. Earth has exceeded it's carrying capacity by 3 times.

Europe's recent population growth

Europe's population rose 1.4 million people from January 1, 2009 to January 1, 2010, according one of Europe's most prominent statistical databases, "Eurostat." The report by Eurostat on July 27, 2010 revealed another significant population growth. The population had risen another 1.4 million people in half a year.

World's long term population growth

The world's population is dramatically increasing, and rapidly.

1804: 1 billion

1927: 2 billion
1953: 3 billion
1974: 4 billion
1987: 5 billion
1999: 6 billion
Present: 7 billion
Recent studies show that the rate of the world's population growth is exponential, increasing faster and faster as time progresses. It is estimated that by 2040, the population of world will be 9 billion.


Europe's population growth

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Europe's current population

Europe's population is at 739 million people currently, about 1/10 of the world's population. Alike the world, the rate of growth is very much exponential.
The Effects of Overpopulation

Europe's air pollution

Europe has always been affected by pollution and the results, such as acid rain or smog. The air quality in Europe is low, although is it increasing, but not fast enough. Europe's air quality is still too low, and problems still persist.

Effects of air pollution

Air pollution can take up to 2 years off one's live in crowded cities, including much of Europe, according to the European Environment Agency. The EEA also states that in severe cases, air pollution can have many more effects to the human body such as cancer or asthma, two unfavorable conditions that can easily be prevented with a lessening in the amount of air pollution. The EEA provides a list of resources that can be used to find out more about global warming at http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/air/links.
Giving Europe more breathing space

How can overpopulation be fixed?

Overpopulation, as many experts agree, cannot be fixed. The growth rate has always been exponential, and will continue to be. Even with a slight cut in the rise, the population will still constantly continue to rise. The population of the world grows about 74 million people every year. The population grows with enough people to fit in San Francisco every three days. Overpopulation cannot be fixed, due to the fact that the population of the world will never decrease. Instead, it continues to grow more and more over time.

How can air pollution be fixed?

Air pollution can be slowly fixed over time by limiting gasoline released, by conserving energy, and by reducing all emissions released. The problem of air pollution is not one that can easily be solved, but the amount of pollution in the air can dramatically decrease with an increase in the effort to detain the problem. Overpopulation is partially the cause of air pollution, due to the fact that there is too many people for life to be sustained in our society today. With the excessive amount of people comes an excessive amount of air pollution.

How is Europe involved in air pollution?

Europe is contributing to the massive buildup of carbon dioxide and other air pollution in the atmosphere. Paving over fields and forests with concrete and asphalt and building and operating automobiles, trains and airplanes that spew pollutants into the atmosphere, are all energy-intensive processes. There are many more energy-intensive process such as, drilling for and transporting oil and gas, producing plastics, manufacturing chemicals, and building power plants and dams.


Industrialized agriculture uses enormous amounts of energy—for ploughing, planting, fertilizing and controlling weeds and insect pests and for harvesting, processing, shipping, packing, storing and selling foods. Alike agriculture, industrialized forestry uses a extensive amount of energy, including those needed for timber and paper production.


Incidents such as Chernobyl and oil spills are among the environmental prices paid for mobilizing commercial energy—and soil erosion, desertification, acid rain, global warming, destruction of the ozone layer and the toxification of the entire planet are among the costs of using it.

The problem of air pollution

Humanity's high-energy activities amount to a large-scale attack on the integrity of Earth's ecosystems and the critical services they provide. These include controlling the gases in the atmosphere; running of the hydrologic cycle which brings us dependable flows of fresh water; generation and maintenance of fertile soils; disposal of wastes; recycling of the nutrients essential to agriculture and forestry; control of the vast majority of potential crop pests; pollination of many crops; provision of food from the sea; and maintenance of a vast genetic library from which humanity has already withdrawn the very basis of civilization in the form of crops and domestic animals. Air pollution is a problem that needs to be fixed in order for equilibrium to remain in Earth's ecosystems.

ESSENTIAL QUESTION:

What effect does overpopulation have on Europe?