Allergies and Asthma

By: Hope Schneider

Definition

Allergies are a disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a particular substance not normally found in the body.

Asthma is a disorder in which a person's respiratory passages become inflamed and narrow significantly in reaction to certain "triggers."

Symptoms

Allergies- different for different types common symptoms: runny nose, nasal congestion, itching of the eyes, nose, and throat If it is really bad then you can develop hives and/or your throat will swell up.

Asthma attack- wheezing, coughing, becoming short of breath, people say it's like breathing through a straw

Causes

Asthma is triggered by allergens, stress, cold weather, tobacco smoke, and exercise.

Allergies are caused by foreign substances enter the body and cause reactions. Common causes may be pollen, dust, molds, some foods, and even medicine.

Treatment

There aren't any treatments for asthma but you can take steps to control it and prevent symptoms.

There are lots of treatments to allergies. Some are shots, over-the-counter medications, and prescription medications. Medications are usually used to ease symptoms and shots are used to get rid of allergies, but are only used on allergies to the environment like pollen, not on allergy like food and pets.

Statistics

1 in 5 people have an allergy or asthma symptoms

ranked 5th among other leading chronic diseases

70% chance a child will have allergies if both parents have them

8% of people in the United States have asthma

percentage of children hospitalized for asthma: 44%

1 in 12 people have asthma


Prevention

Ways to prevent allergies: track your symptoms, avoid allergy triggers, stay indoors at high-allergen times, and dust proof your home.

Ways to prevent asthma: asthma can't be prevented but you can control it by using medicines prescribed to you and avoid asthma triggers and places where there are a lot of triggers.

Diagnosis

Asthma diagnosed: Asthma is diagnosed by a doctor who diagnose it based on tests, a physical exam, and family and medical history. Test might include a lung function test.

Allergies diagnosed: A doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and habits and will do a couple of tests to determine if you are allergic to something. They may do blood tests or an allergy skin test.

Works cited