The U.S. Constitution

Founding Document

We the People....

The Preamble is the opening statement to the United States Constitution. The preamble explains the reasons why the Framers of the Constitution made our government a republic. By doing this, the founding fathers replaced the Articles of Confederation. The Preamble along with the rest of the Constitution was written over a period of about 6 weeks. The Preamble helped explain why the Constitution was written. However, it is not the law.

Three Branches of Government

The Constitution establishes three branches of government. These branches are the legislative1 branch, the executive2 branch, and the judicial3 branch. Each branch has only the power given to it in the Constitution. This separation is to make sure that no one part of government ever becomes too strong.
Three Branches of Government School House Rock

Bill of Rights

What are the Bill of Rights?

The United States Constitution has 27 Amendments. The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights.

The Bill of Rights was ratified, or approved, in 1791. It outlines the basic rights and freedoms of American citizens.

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