Surrealism Art In the 1920's

By Kara Johnson

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a very famous artist who used surrealism in his art work. At a certain point of his life, he also came to be associated with Surrealism. In a 1925 article, the Surrealist leader Andre Breton described Picasso as one of their own although the Spanish artist never fully embraced the principles defined in Breton’s Manifesto. He did, however, use Surrealism as an inspiration and his most famous piece - the Guernica.

Picasso's Greatest Achievement

Picasso’s greatest accomplishment in his art work of surrealism was his artwork called “Guernica” shown in the picture above. He deserted his original idea of art on May 1, 1937, and started Guernica instead. The trend started in the early 1920’s.

How did Surrealism Reflect the 1920's Era?

This trend reflected the 1920s era because many people would go and look at art when they were stressed. Many artist painted and created their artwork because they wanted to get a closer look at the environment around them and this also allows the artists to bring out what can not be seen or felt easily. Many also felt that it was a way to escape real life.


Pablo Picasso
Above is a video of Pablo Picasso painting one of his famous pieces of art work.

Important Surrealism Events

Many of the artist believed that revelations could be found on the street and in everyday life. The Surrealist impulse to tap the unconscious mind, and their interests in myth and primitivism, went on to shape many later movements, and the style remains influential to this today.

Surrealism Trend

The movement of surrealism art was first started by a man named André Breton. This trend started in Paris and as the years progressed, it started to be a nation wide trend.

Why is Surrealism Art Significant?

Surrealism art is significant because disdaining rationalism and literary realism, and powerfully influenced by psychoanalysis, the Surrealists believed the conscious mind repressed the power of the imagination, weighting it down with taboos. Influenced also by Karl Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution.

Is Surrealism Still a Trend Today?

Yes, because people still choose surrealism, and it is still a very popular style of art. Many people like to draw in the style of surrealism because they feel that it can release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.