Crohn's Disease

Aespen Alicea, Suraly Rodriguez, Sara Miranda

Description of the Disease

Crohn's Disease is an inflammatory disease of the Gastrointestinal (GI) tract, mostly affects ilium and the colon but can also occur from the mouth to the anus. Generally occurs in young adults.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pains
  • Cramping
  • Blood in stool
  • Mouth sores
  • Reduced appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Perianal Disease


SEVERE SYMPTOMS:

  • Inflammation of the skin, eyes and joints.
  • Inflammation of the liver and bile ducts.
  • Delayed growth in sexual development in children.

Causes of Crohn's Disease:

Tends to run in families, the environment in which you live also play a role, Crohn's Is more common in developed countries rather than underdeveloped countries, in urban rather than rural areas, and in northern rather than southern climates.

Method of Diagnosis:

Doctors gather information from multiple sources. They will do a combination of exams, lab tests and imaging studies. Gather information on the persons health history and conduct a physical exam.

Method of Treatment:

A main treatment is medicine to stop the inflammation in the intestine and medicine to prevent flare ups and keep the patient in remission.

Prognosis:

  • The outlook can vary widely.
  • Can be benign.
  • Only occurs around the anus in older people.
  • Patients may experience only one episode and others suffer continuously.
  • 13% to 20% of patients have chronic Crohn's Disease, free in some patients.
  • Most people can live a normal life with Crohn's Disease.
  • Rarely a direct cause of death.
  • Cannot be cured even with surgery but treatments are available.

Sources