Growth & Development of Human Life

Psychological and Physiological Growth


Neonate (Birth to 1 month)

Motor Skills

  • Newborns have very little control.

Infancy (1 month to 1 year)

Motor Skills

  • At 6 months the palmar grasp is used (whole hand grab).
  • At 9 months the pincer grasp is used (can grab small objects with thumb and forefinger).

Speech Milestones

  • 1-2 months: coos
  • 2-6 months: laughs and squeals
  • 8-9 months: babbles mama/dada sounds
  • 10-12 months: mama/dada specific

Early Childhood

Toddler (1-3 years old)

Motor Skills

  • 1 Year: transfer objects from one hand to the other.
  • 2 Years: Can hold a crayon and color vertical strokes, turn the page of a book, and build a tower of six blocks.

Speech Milestones

  • 18-20 months: 20-30 words can be understood by 50% of strangers.
  • 22-24 months: two word sentences, can be understood by 75% of strangers.
  • 30-36 months: almost all speech is understood by strangers.

Preschool (3-6 years old)

Motor Skills

  • Buttoning clothing
  • holding a crayon/pencils
  • building with small blocks
  • using scissors
  • playing board games
  • Draw picture of self

Middle Childhood

School Age (6-12 years old)

Motor Skills

  • Writing skills improved
  • able to build models, paint with a paintbrush, and use technology.
  • Sports