Geography Review

Ryan Owens


Theocracy- government run by a religious leader

Democratic- citizens hold power, either through elected officials or directely

Totalitarian- single person or single party hold the power

Mixed economy- mixture of public and privately owned businesses, while allowing owners the ability to amass great wealth

Command economy- completely controlled by the government

Free Market- total freedom with business owners to set prices, create products, and ultimately fail or succeed on their own

Socialist government providing most of the important public services but still permits private ownership of some business

Primary activities- raw materials

Secondary activities- processing and manufacturing

Tertiary activities- business and professional services

Quaternary activities- information and intellectual services

Stateless nation- an ethnic group, religious group, linguistic group or other cohesive group that doesn't have their own nation

Population density- measurement of population per unit area

Plate tectonics- theory that earths outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle

Outsourcing- arrangement in which one company provides services for another company for a cheaper amount

Subsistence farming- farming for survival

Commercial farming- farming for a profit

Cultural assimilation- process which a person or a groups language and or culture resembles those of another

Cultural hearth- an area where new ideas and innovations spring up and spread into other parts of the world

Cultural diffusion- spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another

Urbanization- population shift from rural to urban areas

Globalization- process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments.

Physical geography

Japan's islands help its economy grow and trading easier

Huge migration in the 1800's were to the west

United States boarders are both man made and natural

Most of South America gained independence from Europe between 1790 and 1828

Geographic circumstance hampered Russia's success in foreign policy? Cold

Africa's poor economies are because they lack infrastructur, money, education, unstable politics

The most essential values to African tribes are their religion, languages, culture, and family ties

Africa's religions, technology, and culture has changed a lot in the past century

Israels land borders have changed so much because of conflicts with neighboring countries

Middle East countries ensure their lifetime success economically by diversifying

Two major reasons the Saudi Arabia is important to many people because of their oil and Mecca

North Africa is different from the rest of Africa because they are separated by the Sahara

Some countries in southwest Asia gain wealth from a surplus of natural resources while others don't because some countries have more natural resources than others

The movement of tectonic plates caused India to crash into Asia forming the Himalayas

The people of South Asia depend on monsoons for rain that they don't get the rest of the year

Most Chinese cities are along their east coast

Human geography

Immigrants add diversity in a country by having a culture that fits into another or printing up their own culture

The event that had the greatest impact on Mexico was the colonization by the spainish conquistadors

The result of the spread of American popular culture is that it spreads the English language

The event which led to the introduction of new foods to Western Europe was the Columbian Exchange

NAFTA and the EU were created to reduce tariffs among member nations

In the Colombian exchange the lives of the Europeans were impacted by the Americans by recieveing foods from America that they didn't otherwise have.

The Cold War still affects the political landscape of Europe by some countries still have connections to Russia

The UN was created to keep all countries in check

The major change that was occurring at the time of the 1989 democratic elections in Latvia, Poland, and Ukraine were that countries were shifting from communism to Democracy

After the formation of the EU there was a population shift in Europe because of foreign workers

Nelson Mandela is considered a hero to most South Africans because he was a main part to ending the apartheid in South Africa

Some of the negative affects of European colonization in both South America and Africa were cultural divisions which led to civil wars, dictatorships, and corrupt leaders

What happened next to these areas were revolutions and poor education and economies

There is an African influence in the Caribbean because it was a stop along the Slave trade

The Arab Spring changed many nations in the Middle East and Northern Africa by losing long-term leaders and protested against repressive regimes

Woman in the traditional Islamic monarchy of Saudi Arabia had to cover themselves completely and had limited political power

Middle East has a limited amount of fresh water so they have been going through desalinization