What is the big IDEA?
Let's learn about IDEA
What is IDEA?
This is an umbrella law was passed in 1975. This law was originally called The Each for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA). In 1990 this law became known as what we call it today as Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This law simply ensures that ALL student with a disability are provided with Free Appropriate Education (FAPE) that is according to their academic needs.
Who is covered under IDEA?
- Emotional Disturbance
- Hearing Impairments
- Intellectual Disability
- Multiple Disabilities
- Orthopedic Impairments
- Other Health Impairments
- Specific Learning Disability
- Speech or Language Impairment
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Visual Impairment
What are the 14 Mandates of IDEA?
- Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)
- Categories of disabilities
- Special Education
- Related Services
- Child Find
- Full Educational Opportunities
- Due Process
- Protection in Evaluation Process
- Least Restricted Environment (LRE)
- Confidentiality of Information
Facts about the 14 Mandates of IDEA:
- There are 13 different categories of disabilities, which are listed above.
- There is no cost to parents if child needs special education.
- The physical education mandates that every student gets to go.
- In the protection in Evaluation Process, a test MUST be unbiased and given to a student in their native language.
What is an IEP?
An IEP stands for Individualized Education Plan. This is a contract between the school and parents that explains a students academic ability. IEPs help teachers know the best way to get a student to succeed despite their disability.
1997 Amendments of IDEA
In 1997, IDEA was modified for the first time since being established in 1975. The definition of disabled children expanded to include developmentally delayed children between three and nine years of age. It required parents to attempt to resolve disputes with schools and Local Educational Agencies through medication, and provide a process for doing it. The amendments authorized additional grants for technology, disabled infants and toddlers, parent training, and professional development.
2004 Amendments of IDEA
The second modification was on December 3, 2004. It was amended by the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. It authorized fifteen states to implement 3-year IEPs on a trial basis when parents continually agree. The law revised the requirements for evaluating children with learning disabilities and it created more concrete provisions relating to discipline of special education students.
2008 Amendments of IDEA
The third modification was on December 31, 2008. This allowed parents to have revocation of consent for continued special education and related services, positive efforts to employ and advance qualified individuals with disabilities, non-attorney representation in due process hearings, state monitoring and enforcements, state use of targets and reporting, public attention, and sub grants to LEAs, base payment adjustments, and reallocation of Local Educational Agencies (LEA) fund.