African American Rights

Ch. 17 Sec. 2

Black Codes

In 1865 and 1866, Southern state legislatures passed a series of laws called Black Codes. These laws controlled freed men and let plantation owners exploit African Americans.

Other Laws

Other laws banned African Americans from renting or owning farms, some laws allowed local officials to arrest and fine unemployed African Americans and make them work for white employers to pay off their fines, etc.

Challenging the Black Codes

Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. This act granted full citizenship to African Americans and gave the federal government power to intervene in state affairs to protect their rights.