Ethical research

How to gather info, cite the source, and know it's credible

Where are the resources to gather info how to use them.

How to decide if a website is credible.

A website is credible if there are the following things:

Recently updated

Author is shown

All grammar correct

Made by someone you would trust on the topic

You could find the same results elsewhere or the topic/way it is being looked at is new

Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing

Cite your source in some way when you do these, even paraphrasing!


Quoting - Exact words of the author in "Quotation" marks. Quotes can also have in paper citations in them. The format is "Fact" (Name of author, Page number)


Paraphrasing - The idea of an author put into the writers own words that are completely different, with different sentence structure. Some useful tips for this are:

Read the paper and write it like you are explaining to a person.

Do not use words you do not understand.

Put the source away when paraphrasing.

Try to get at the main idea of the sentence

Compare after you paraphrase to see if the sentences are similar


Summarizing: The main idea of a passage or chapter compressed into a sentence or two. When you summarize look for main facts and also the general idea. Another good idea is to look at the chapter, think about what you are going to say, put it away, then write.

What plagiarism is and how to avoid it

Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, sounds, or the creative expressions of others as your own. In other terms that means taking someones work and not giving credit, or if the work is copyrighted getting written permission to use that work. The sentence before this one is an example of paraphrasing.


To avoid plagiarism cite the source and quote, paraphrase, and summarize correctly. For citing your source, the most common format is MLA. There are also online tools to cite the source like http://www.easybib.com/ and others. For MLA you need the Author, (if a book has more than one author use the first one listed) date viewed, title of article or date published, and for a website the link goes at the back in <>.

MLA citation

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