India

Map of India

Why are so many Indians vegetarians?

Indians are often vegetarians because one of their religions, Brahmin, forbids eating meat. This is because it is considered a sin, which they are supposed to avoid. Also they used to be the religion that advised the ruler about right and wrong, both from a religious view, and a ethical view, this is why it was so important for them to do the right thing, and one of the wrong things just happened to be killing and eating animals.

Time line of India

1638

The Emperor Shah Jahan started building the Taj Mahal in honor of his wife.

1858

British takes control of India

1915

Mahatma Gandhi starts a series of nonviolent protests against the British rule over India.

1947

India splits into 2 countries, India and Pakistan.

1947

India gains independence from Britain.

1948

Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.

1966

Indira Gandhi is elected to prime minister. She becomes one of the first ever woman elected to be the leader of a country

1998

India tests their very first nuclear weapon, they are one of only 7 countries to do this.

2000

The population of India goes over 1 billion.

2007

India gets their first female president- Pratibha Patil.
India Postcard

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Mahatma Gandhi's Short Biography

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2nd 1869, and he died in 1948 when he was assassinated. When he was young Gandhi received a good eduction, but he was not an overly great student, but he was an OK student. When he was 13 he married a girl who was also 13. He then went to college, he did not like college. While he was at college his wife had his first son, he would later have 3 more sons. When he was 18, he moved to London to further his education.


In 1916 Gandhi returned home, and started a series of non-violent protests. He was protesting British rule over India. He also worked hard to ensure fairness, and acceptance of all people. Although he was very popular with the majority of the public, he was not well liked with the government, and some people who did not want equality. He was arrested, released, and lived through 5 of 6 known attempts to kill him, within 14 years. First, when he was going to deliver a speech, he was traveling in a 2-car motorcade, the cars were separated and a bomb was thrown at the first one. No one knows who did this, but Nathuram Godse was suspected. We know for sure that he did/led 5 of the six, including the eventual assassination. Gandhi died at an age of 79, but he did a lot for India to help work towards eventual freedom and justice.

Hinduism

Hinduism is by far India's most popular religion, and the 3rd most popular in the world. Hinduism is extremely old, and it has no founder or origin date. Brahman is a common Hindu belief, and it is referred to as the "Ultimate Reality", in other words Brahman is believed to be in all things and the source of all things. Karma is another Hindu belief, it is the belief that the intentional actions of someone will affect the fortunes in their current life, or their next life. Three Hindu deities or gods and goddesses are Shiva, Vishnu, and Shakti. Samsara is reincarnation, or the process of rebirth. Dharma is the moral laws of how to live happily on Earth.

Diwali

Diwali is a Hindu festival of lights. For a lot of Hindus, Diwali is the Hindu New Year's Eve. There is many ways to celebrate Diwali, but the majority of the festivities are centered around lights, lighting candles, fireworks, or even electric lights. It celebrates several different goddesses, depending on where you are. Gambling is often seen, and even encouraged during Diwali to commemorate the games of dice that were played by Lord Shiva and Parvati, and to ensure good luck for the next year.

India Fun Facts

  1. Chess was invented in India
  2. India has never invaded another country
  3. Yoga was invented in India, about 5,000 years ago
  4. India is the 7th largest country in the world
  5. One of the 7 Wonders of the World is in India, the Taj Mahal

Bollywood???

Bollywood is like Hollywood, except it is the Indian version. Bollywood is the Indian film industry.

Ayurveda

Ayurveda is an ancient science that originated in India. It is a medical system that comes from the Vedas, a book of the sacred writings of Hinduism. Ayurveda promotes good health, because it is used to prevent and/or treat illnesses, by "maintaining balance in the body, mind, and consciousness through proper drinking, diet, and lifestyle, as well as herbal remedies" according to University of Maryland Medical Center.

Government and Economy of India

The government of India is a Parliamentary Democracy, and their prime minister is Manmohan Singh. The economy of India is getting better and better, and although many Indians live on only $2 or less per day, the middle class is rising rapidly. The country is a major exporter of software services, however about half of the country still depends on agriculture for a living.