Causes of the American Revolution
Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a time in history when the 13 colonies primarily Boston protested against the British rule. Some political causes of the Revolution were after the French and Indian war King George lll wanted to tighten its control over the 13 colonies and that made the colonists mad because he was all the way across the ocean. Also the proclamation line was big issue because the colonist wanted to settle there but king George would not let them .Some social causes of the Revolution were the taxes on the tea and the red coats invading the colonies. Yes i do think the colonist were justified in claiming their independence because all the acts were unjustified and not fair to the colonists and their ruler was all the way across the ocean.
The purpose of the Navigation Acts was to try to put the practice of mercantilism into action. The colonists had to follow two rules when trading goods, those two rules were that they could only use British or Colonial ships, and they could only trade with Britain. The sugar act was a law passed by British Parliament in 1733 that raised duties on foregin refined sugar. the colonist were opposed to it because they had to pay higher payments. the most important impact of the navigation acts was the stifling colonial manufacturing and increasing against the mother country.
The Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian war the proclamation of 1763 was created. The reason King George III issued the Proclamation was to prohibit the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mts. The response from colonists was not very positive, they were not very happy because they wanted to settle on the land and they didn't want British soldiers to live among them.
The stamp act was a law that taxed all legal papers in the colonies. The stamp act was created so parliament could raise funds to protect the colonists and pay off the debt of the French and Indian war. Samuel Adams and the Committees of Correspondence protested the stamp act by contacting other towns about the taxes and ways on how they could fight them. Sam Adams created the Sons of Liberty and the propose was to protest British policies and sometimes they would use violence to get their point across. Taxes were disused at the Stamp Act Congress. King George III responded the boycott and Benjamin Franklin's address to parliament by repealing the act.
Britain responded to the stamp act protests by saying parliament had full authority over legasltion in the colonies. The Quartering act allowed royal troops to live in colonists homes. the two major issues that the colonists had with this act was that they didn't like having a standing army of soldiers and blank warrants. Many of the had lost their since of rights over their property. Writs of Assistance were blank search warrants that soldiers had.
Some of the items that were taxed with the Townshend acts were tea, glass, and paper. The Daughters of liberty responded by making their own cloth istead of buying the British cloth. The only item the British Government continued to tax after the act was repealed in 1770 was tea. The sons of Liberty responded to the continued taxation of the colonies was by violence.
The events that happened on March 5, 1770 unfolded like this, a crowd of people gathered one soldier as more soldiers came the crowd got louder and more angry then one soldier fired shots into the unarmed crowd. Samuel Adams responded to the massacre by using it as a propaganda. But Jhon Adams, Sam Adams cousin, responded to it by siding with the soldiers after the massacre.
Tea Act and Boston Tea Pary
The tea act was when Beic was the only company selling tea in the colonies. Even though the price of tea went down they were still mad because they still had to pay imported taxes to Britain. The son of liberty responded to the tea act by dressing up as native Americans and snuck onto a ship and threw tea into the Boston harbor.
Another name the colonists called the Coercive acts was the Intolerable acts. Four laws that were enforced during the Intolerable acts were that there was no trade between Boston and Britain, no town meetings, the port of Port f Boston was closed, and they had to give Britain control. This really impacted the trade between the 13 colonies. The colonies responded to the Intolerable acts by them bringing goods to Boston And it also spread the Revoluntary sprit through the colonies