Unit 1 Caesar Graphic

By: Andrew Hicks

Caesar's Biography

  • Caesar was a descendant of Trojan prince Aeneas
  • He was born in July in 100 B.C. Caesar was a member of the Roman army, he also took part in Roman politics, and was an aristocrat during this time
  • Caesar's father died when he was 16 years old
  • He was dictator of Rome
  • Julius Caesar wanted to transform the Roman Empire and expand its geographic reach, and to leave a mark on the Roman people
  • The Roman Empire began to fall once Caesar was assassinated

Julius Caesar's Conquest

Caesar's Plan in Geneva

  • Julius Caesar came to Geneva in 58 B.C. at the age of 42

  • Gaul was a Roman province that covered all of modern France and extended to the left bank of the Rhine River to the North Sea

  • He governed the Roman provinces on both sides of the Alps

  • There was a bridge in Geneva to the north of which lay the “uncivilized” world

  • Caesar planned to destroy the bridge, which would prevent the Helvetains from entering Gaul

  • He would then attack the Helvetians

  • Caesar was very powerful in the Roman government, and he wanted to leave his mark

    • He decided to conquer Geneva, then the rest of Gaul, and soon keep on expanding his territory

    • His ambition was to make a name for himself through the conduct of a successful military campaign
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Caesar vs. Helvetians in Geneva

  • The Helvetians were not liked by the Roman people
  • If Caesar stopped the advancement of the Helvetians, then all of the lands that lay between Geneva and the Atlantic Ocean would be his
  • The Helvetians informed everyone that they would travel through Geneva peacefully
  • Caesar didn't trust the Helvetians
  • Caesar destroyed Geneva's bridge, and quickly gathered his troops
  • Took 20 days for the Helvetians to build boats to travel the river
  • Caesar ambushed the Helvetians the moment they got on land
  • Caesar defeated the Helvetians, manipulated the information of his victory to his advantage
  • Caesar gained more land, power, supplies, and left a name of himself to all of Rome
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Caesar's Conquest of Gaul

  • It wasn't Caesar's intention to attack Gaul, but Romania was rich in precious metals
  • Caesar wanted to defeat the Helvetians in order to impress the Roman Senate and all of the Roman people
  • The Germans were a powerful army during this time, and Caesar believed that a victory over the Germans would place him on the same rank as his uncle Marius
  • After defeating the Germans and Helvetians, the Gauls had asked Caesar to help push back the Suebians, which was a Germanic tribe that crossed the Rhine river and settled in Alsace
  • Caesar decided to conquer all of Gaul because he was getting more successful as a dictator
  • All of the tribes in Gaul were aware of Caesar's power and conquest, but they were all defeated by Caesar's army
  • All of these victories had led Caesar to rule all of the Roman Empire
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Was Caesar a Good Leader?

  • A Machiavellian is a leader who is respected and supported
  • Caesar was indeed a good leader
  • He was able to conquer all of Gaul and extend his empire
  • Caesar was able to defeat the Helvetians by destroying the bridge of Geneva
  • He was supported and respected by his people
  • Caesar was announced dictator of the Roman Empire
  • All of the Romans knew who Caesar was
  • Caesar was cunning and strategic
  • He was able to use propaganda to his advantage, which allowed his empire to be extended tremendously
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Video about Julius Caesar's Leadership in Conquering Gaul

Julius Caesar Crossing the Rhine