Second New Deal

By Elisha Schwieger

Charles Coughlin

A major threat to FDR was Charles Coughlin, a radio speaker from detroit. He originally supported the new deal but then turned against it when he changed the banking. Caughlin blamed the great depression on Jewish bankers and this gave him lots of recognition.. Coughlin formed the National Union for Social Justice and reached a weekly audience of 40 million radio listeners.

Francis Townsend

Townsend was a critic of the Second New Deal. He planned for old-age pensions. This plan called for every American over the age of sixty to retire to open up jobs for the younger people that were unemployed. The people that retired would receive a monthly check for $200. That was a good amount during the Depression.


A pension is a contract for a fixed sum to be paid regularly to a person, typically following retirement from service.

Revenue Act of 1935

The Revenue Act of 1935 raised United States federal income tax on higher income levels, by introducing the Wealth Tax. The law was signed by FDR (Franklin Delano Roosevelt).

WPA (Works Progress Administration)

The WPA is the Works Progress Administration. This gave unemployed men jobs in public service. These men were mostly unskilled and this was the only work that they could find.

Social Security Act

The Social Security Act happened August 14, 1935, was a legislative act which created the Social Security system in the United States. Social Security is a system that refers to old people, survivors, and people with disabilities.

Unemployment Insurance

Unemployment benefits are payments made by the state or other authorized bodies to unemployed people. This gets them off the ground and helps them become part of the economy.

Labor Movement

A labor movement is an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by working together. They work together to improve their social status.

Roosevelt Recession

The Democratic electoral victory in 1936 was followed by a economic downfall called "Roosevelt Recession." In just a few months production fell by 40 percent. Unemployment rose by 4 million, and stock prices dropped 48 percent. Several factors contributed to the little depression. Reassured by good economic news in 1936, Roosevelt slashed government spending the following year.

Roosevelt Second Term

The reform was gone by the end of 1938. In the congressional elections of 1938, Roosevelt campaigned against five other senators who opposed the New Deal. Nevertheless, all won re-election. Roosevelt's failures showed Democrats that they could defy the president.

Roosevelt was elected by a land slide he helped get America out of the depression. They war also contributed to helping Americas economies grow.

Packing the Supreme Court

“Court Packing” is when president FDR proposes the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937 which alters the Supreme Court allowing the president to choose new members of the Supreme Court for every person that’s over 70 years old.

Fair Labor Stands Act

Fair Labor Standards Act this made jobs have to pay people minimum wage and kids under 16 cannot work.

Wagner Act

Wagner Act it eliminated workers unions. It was enacted to eliminate employers’ interference with the autonomous organization of workers into unions.

John Lewis

John Lewis was a civil rights activist he was the leader of (SNCC).