Sanitation Practices


Three kinds of Bacteria

In this flyer, we will introduce you to three types of bacteria which are; Listeria, Taenia Saginata, and Escherichia Coli. You'll get to know the dangers and precautions for these bacteria, and how to prevent them from spreading in the food places.


What is it?

It is commonly called listeria. This specific bacteria is usually found in soil, water, raw milk, processed food, food processing plants, and some animals. It is one of the only bacteria that can grow in cold temperature as well like the refrigerator.

How does it spread?

Main cause of any bacteria growth is cross contamination.

The indigestion of the food products mentioned above can cause an infection called 'Listeriosis' which is produced from the bacteria itself.

Dangers that it causes and to who

Listeriosis, an infection caused by Listeria, can pose major risks for certain populations. Mostly, pregnant women, older adults, and individuals with weakened immune systems are at greater risk. Also, people with chronic liver or kidney disease, diabetes or alcoholism. Healthy adults and children occasionally are infected with Listeria, but they rarely become seriously.


symtoms may incude; fever, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and meningeal irritation.


Only the intake of various antibiotics.

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Taenia Saginata

What is it?

Taenia Saginata is not a bacteria but a parasite found in humans which presents itself as tape worm. There are 3 types of tapeworm; taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Taenia Solium (pork tapeworm), Taenia asiatica (asian tapeworm).

How does it spread?

Taenia Saginata transfers into human body by the indigestion of raw meat or pork of infected cows and pigs.


The common symptoms for Taenia Saginata are; digestive problems like abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, and upset stomach.


Taenia Saginata causes an infection called the "taeniasis".


Praziquantel is the only treatment for taenia saginata. Praziquantel is a drug used in the treatment of schistosomiasis and other infestations of humans and animals with parasitic trematodes or cestodes.

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Escherichia Coli

Escherichia Coli, otherwise known as E. Coli, is both harmful and harmless. E.Coli is found in the intestines of humans and animals. Cattles and cows carry the pathogenic E. Coli where as animals such as pigs, goats, and sheep carry the E. Coli bacteria inside them. There are about 6 subcategories of E. Coli but the one most commonly known and dangerous is E. Coli 0157: H7.

Where is it found or grown?

As mentioned before, E. Coli is grown in human's and animal's intestines. The harmful E. Coli is most often caused by consuming raw or fresh milk, uncooked vegetables and fruits, products made from raw/fresh milk, and foods not cooked to proper internal temperature. The same goes for meats. E. Coli is also found in unfiltered and unclean water, unfiltered swimming pools, cows, pigs, goats, and sheep. Touching the living spaces of animals is another cause of E. Coli.

How to prevent it?

Using organic and cleaned fruits and vegetables is one way to prevent E. Coli from spreading in the kitchen. Cleaning them ensures that any soil or contamination left on them from soil can be washed away, leaving the fruits and vegetables bacteria free. Using pasteurized milk in the kitchen for recipes and etc. is a good way to get the benefits of milk without the diseases. Pasteurized milk is cooked to it's internal temperature so that any bacteria or diseases it could possibly cause are destroyed. Filtered or purified water kill the bacteria in them when they are brought to a certain temperature, so using this type of water in the kitchen is the best option to keep E. Coli at bay. Cooking meats and food to their internal temperature, the temperature that kills bacteria, keeps meats and food healthy and safe from E. Coli. The most sensible prevention of E. Coli spreading in the kitchen is washing hands that have has contact with animals or touched the living space of animals.

What to do if it occurs?

The most effective ways to get better is to drink loads of water and fluids and getting a lot of rest. The impact of E. Coli doesn't stay for much long. Often, people get better after 5-10 days but some can catch HUS. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome is developed usually after a week or so of being sick from E. Coli. Consulting a doctor is the best thing to do if symptoms get worse.


The affected get sometimes bloody, but mostly harsh diarrhea. There is also serious pain in the abs along with the affected throwing up. If HUS is developed, then the pee is produced less than usual. The colour of the pee is also dull and resembles the colour of tea. Affected's face also gets pale and swollen's. HUS, hemolytic uremic syndrome is a condition where the kidney's filtration is blocked when red blood cells are destroyed.