Fiber Project

Allyson Ratledge

Cotton

-Comes from a cotton plant

-Advantages: Accepts dye, inexpensive, does not pill, blends well.

-Disadvantages: Will shrink and wrinkle, absorbs perspiration quickly.

- End uses: Shirts, pants, underwear, sports bras. Dresses

Flax/Linen

-Comes from Flax plant

-Advantages: Cool and comfy, strong and durable.

-Disadvantages: Wrinkles easily, Easily damaged by mildew, stiff fiber.

-End uses: Bed and bath fabric, wallpaper, coverings, suits, dresses, skirts, shirts, luggage, sewing thread.

Wool

-Comes from Sheep

-Advantages: Natural insulator, does not wrinkle, flame resistant

-Disadvantages: Traps odors, hard wearing and absorb moisture. Moths love it.

-End uses: Sweaters, hats, coats

Silk

-Comes from silk worm

-Advantages: Easily dyed, versatile and comfy, retains its shape and is relatively smooth, strongest natural fiber.

-Disadvantage:Poor resistance to sunlight exposure,

-End uses: Fishing fibers, parachutes, cartridge bags, insulation cables, medical dressing, suture materials.

Acetate

-Comes from cotton or tree pulp

-Advantages: Luxurious feel, silky appearance,

-Disadvantages:Dyes may fade, weak fiber, subject to static electricity

-End uses: Blouses, dresses, linings, special occasion apparel, Draperies, upholstery, curtains, bedspreads.

Rayon

- Comes from natural occurring fibers

-Advantages: inexpensive, Absorbent fiber, blends well with other fibers,

-Disadvantages:Weak fabric may wrinkle easily, Subject to mildew when wet.

-End uses:Aloha shirts, blouses, dresses, jackets, lingerie, scarves, suits, ties, hats, and socks.

Lyocell

-Comes from Wool pulp

-Advantages:Absorbent, biodegradable, strong, resist sunlight

-Disadvantages:Susceptible to mildew

-End uses:Dresses, slacks, coats, jeans

Nylon

-Comes from plastic

-Advantages:Very strong, resist wrinkling-mildew-insect damage-shrinkage, washes easily

-Disadvantages:Low moisture absorption, tends to pill, sensitive to sunlight, holds body oils, melts instead of burning.

-End uses: Cookware, parachute canopies

Olefin

-Come from Polyolefin

-Advantages:Holds in body heat, non-allergenic.

-Disadvantages:Will shrink if heat is applied, low melting point, difficult to dye, sensitive to light, absorbs oil.

-End uses:Underwear, socks, glove liners, carpets, mattress pads.

Polyester

-Comes from plastic

-Advantages:Wrinkle resistance, doesn’t shrink, easily washed, strong fabric

-Disadvantages: Sensitive to heat, pills, low moisture absorption, attracts oily soil.

-End uses:Carpets and rugs, nightwear, underwear, sheets, towels, curtains, blankets, sails, tape, fish netting.

Spandex

-Comes from synthetic polyester

-Advantages:Light weight, retains original shape, soft, smooth, No static or pilling

-Disadvantages:Whites yellow with age, heat sensitive, nonabsorbent

-End uses:Hosiery, swimsuits, exercise wear, disposable diaper, bra straps