Canada In 2060
Canadian Immigration Today
Origin of Immigrants
Right now the majority of our immigrants come from areas of China, India and the Philippines. Most immigrants from these areas are either economic immigrants, refugees or family class immigrants. Specifically in parts of India and the Philippines, there are many refugees coming into Canada. Many people from the Philippines are seeking shelter in Canada due to the intense weather conditions (i.e. hurricanes). In parts of India, many people are fleeing oppression and mass poverty. In addition there is also intense weather conditions in India. Finally China provides many immigrants because of the simple reasons. They want a better life without a crowded lifestyle.
Classes of Immigration
There are many different classes of immigration. There is business class immigration, family class immigration, economic class immigration and refugees. Most immigrants accepted to Canada are economic immigrants. Economic immigrants consist of many people. Business class immigrants as well as skilled workers are also considered economic immigrants. These are people who have a certain skill that could benefit Canada and people who are coming to Canada to establish a business. The image below is a comparison of the different classes of immigrants that arrive in Canada.
- Very good education system for parents to put their children in. (free education)
- Good jobs available for people searching opportunity or skilled workers.
- Rights and Freedoms, no prosecution of any sort, diversity
- Democratic government
- No wars going on, we are a very peaceful country
- Opportunity for a better life for children
- Safer society; there is no gendercide or abuse
- Much Less poverty, prosperous communities
- No food shortages, we are a fairly wealthy country
- Family Class immigration for people who have relatives in our country.
- Canadian Pension Plan for the elderly.
- Free Medical Care for everybody
Canada's Immigration in the Future
Canada will have the same pull factors in 2060 but I think that some will be weighted differently and there will be some new ones that will be advertised. If immigration continues at a growing rate, which I think will happen, then the areas that they are settling in now like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal will become overpopulated. This opens up many possibilities for new immigrants. Instead, Canada will start to advertise rural areas like Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. These areas will not be overcrowded at all so people may be attracted to the peacefulness and large amount of land available for farming or the beginning of new communities of their certain background. This way they could feel more comfortable. If all of this happens then I predict that the immigration rate will increase from 1 in 5 to 1.5/2 in 5. In addition to this, by the time 2060 comes along, I am sure that we will have advancements in medicine and new technology. Just like today, this will be a good thing for people in developing countries who need the medical care. Right now there are a lot of problems with certain governments around the world and small wars going on. I think that as time progresses that these problems (i.e. terrorism, North Korean government, war in Afghanistan) will increase. With the advancement of modern day life, other organizations like certain governments might want to take control of other countries or sever all ties with ally countries. This could result in more conflict; therefore pushing people to a safe place; Canada.
After watching the documentary "It's a Girl," I realized why so many people are immigrating to Canada from Asia. In the future I predict that not as many people will be immigrating from Asia and more will start coming from Europe. Although in many parts of Europe life is very good, I feel that in the near future, Canada will not be diverse. Right now we are a very diverse country, but in the future, if we continue accepting the majority of immigrants from Asia, we will have a large amount of people with an Asian background and only a small portion of Europeans and African Americans along with others. If this happens then the diverse country we have now will not be so "diverse."
As previously stated, I believe in the future (2060) that Canada's prairies like Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta will attract immigrants. These provinces have very low population and it would be good for people to start spreading out instead of clumping together in 3 cities; Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. If immigration continues at this rate then those three cities will become overpopulated. This is a big turn off for newcomers because they are coming from overpopulated areas in the first place. They want to get away from that lifestyle. Advertising these three provinces for immigration would attract more immigrants than advertising Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. As well as more space, the prairies offer the possibility to start new communities. Some people may be worried about immigration because they won't be with their people, but if we advertise for a certain country to start coming to the prairies, new communities consisting of their background will be formed. This will make them feel more comfortable and attract even more people to Canada.
Canadian Demography Today
Canada has an overall population of 35.16 million and it's still growing fast. Most of it is due to the increase in immigration. What does this mean? This means that the birth rate is going down. Canada is currently in stage 4 when it comes to population overall. Based off of the charts below, we can see that in 2014, Canada had the majority of it's population between it's 30's to 60's. This can also be described as the baby boom. This was a point in time following the war when there was a large increase in birth rate. As we look at the bottom end of the graph, we see that Canada has a small birth rate (10.28). The only way to sustain our population is by accepting lots of immigrants. As Canada is developing into a more organized country in terms of population, people aren't having as many children as they used to, which results in lower birth rate. There isn't a need for a lot of children any more. Now, more and more families are having 2-3 children. Also shown on the graph for 2014 is that our death rate is low (7.87). Although, compared to other countries, we have a good life expectancy in Canada (83). Overall, Canada has a natural increase rate of 2.41. The video below talks about Canada's population pyramid and gives a prediction on how our demography will change in the future.
In Canada, because of our high immigration rate, our birth rate is very low. We have a high traffic of immigrants coming into Canada all the time. Our net migration rate is now 5.66. Immigrants target three main cities as mentioned before; Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Regrading the rest of Canada's population, they are distributed differently. The majority of our population are in Ontario. This is sometime considered "Central Canada." The other provinces that contain the most of our population are Quebec and British Columbia. Ontario contains 38.7% of our total population. Quebec contains 23.1% and British Columbia contains 13.2%. The graph below is a comparison of the distribution in 1993 to recent years.
Demography of Canada in the Future
I predict that there will be a large change in dependency load. I know this because right now we have many people that are part of the baby boomers. The large bulge in the 2010 graph below shows the baby boomers. The graphs below are a representation of what Canada will look like, in terms of population, from now to 2060. We know how we will grow based on trends that we can see in previous population charts. Once the baby boomers are out of the work force and all of them are in their elderly stages, we will have a large amount of elderly in our society. With a increase in elderly, our dependency load will be weighted differently. We may have a lot more people in society doing nothing to contribute to economy (i.e. children, elderly and unemployed individuals) as opposed to people with jobs. This is what could give us a shortage of skilled workers. We are used to a large amount of people working and then everything will change. This is how I predicted previously that our immigration of skilled workers will increase.
Population Changes in the Future based on Trends
I believe that by 2060 we will have a large change in our population distribution. Earlier in the report, I talked about how I think that in the future we will have a lot more people in prairie areas of Canada due to the overpopulation in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. With more people moving towards these areas, then I think population in the big 3 cities will decrease and we will even out along the southern areas of Canada. Nobody really wants to be in the north of Canada.
FIRST NATIONS OF CANADA
First Nations Today
The Indian Act was formed in 1876. It was originally meant to be a benefit to the first nations peoples and to help them feel more comfortable in Canada. Today with our country developing all the time, the Indian Act is starting to weigh the first nations people down and prevent them from rights. As we go back and see what the Indian Act really does, we realize that it goes against what Canada stands for. It separates the native populations rights from ours. The video below shows some things that the Indian Act prohibits natives from doing. This includes:
- Taking out a mortgage, owning or selling property
- Selling crops or other goods to other people outside their reserve
- They can't get even get business loans
- They can't lease cars
These are just a portion of the rights being held from the native population.
- Not having to pay certain taxes that other do
- Getting around 7 billion dollars a year to help sustain the reserves
- Designated land for reserves
Residential schools have always been a very sensitive topic to talk about. The story reveals the hidden truth behind what really happened to native children. From the 1840s to the 1990s, the government had something called residential schools in operation. Every year, the government used to kidnap native children and bring them very far away from their family to go to a residential school. Here the instructions were to "kill the Indian in the child." Many families lost their children. At these schools a large transformation occurred in the native children. They "became" English. Throughout their stay, it was common to be beaten, abused, or raped. Many horrific things happened in these schools. Today, Prime Minister Harper has already apologized to the native community for the actions of Canada's past decisions, but the aboriginal community will never forget.
Canada's native people are all around us, we just aren't noticing them. Canada has a total of 1,400,685 natives here in Canada. They make up 4.3 percent of our total population. From looking at the graph below, we see that aboriginal peoples have a large birth rate. Most of their population are in their late 40s to 60s. This is like Canada's baby boomers although because of their high birth rate, they have a stable population. Native Canadians are not centered in one province, contrary to what other people may think. They are spread out all over Canada. The majority of first nations people are in Ontario. The other high native populated areas would be British Columbia, Alberta and Manitoba. They have gone more towards the plains.
First Nations in the Future
Today Canada's native population is distributed around more of the prairie areas like Alberta and Manitoba. If more immigrants start arriving in destinations like the prairies, this could upset them because the government granted them these reserves and if people start to invade their space, they could feel betrayed. This is why I think that natives will start to spread around off reserves and live among the rest of the population. This way they will show the government that they are just as equal as everyone else and they don't need reserves. This could be a big step in shaping Canada into a better country. In addition to this, I believe that the native population will stay the same. Based off of their population pyramid, we can see that they are a stable population.
In 45 years I predict that the Indian Act will be gone forever. The Indian Act has done nothing but cause problems. It deprives natives from rights they have earned and it's not right to deprive them. They were here before us and we are acting like they are below us. It is completely wrong. I think that once the government realizes this they will get rid of the Indian Act and prove to the world that Canada may have had a bad past that has been kept a secret but we are ready to move on together, all of us, including natives.
My Life in 2060
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