Unit Three Assessment

Plessy V Ferguson

Historical Context

Its around 30 years after the civil war and the 13th,14th and 15th amendments were ratified. The Jim Crow laws were also big in the US, mainly south, and had the rules that blacks are "seperate but equal" which wasn't really equal but seperated and was everywhere.People in the US were still adapting to black and whites together, it's early 1890, and some states have rules about seperating blacks and whites(mainly southern states), seperate train cars, seperate rooms, etc. Louisiana took it to the seperated train carts.

Facts of the Case

In Louisiana, Homer Adolph Plessy, 7/8s caucasian, sat down in a white only seat and refused to move, he was then arrest. This happened in 1890 where racial segregation was a huge problem and was still being dealt with due to the fact that it's not too far from the ending of the civil war and the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, especially for the southern states(hint hint Louisiana).

Questions Before the Case

Is it unconsititutional for Louisiana to seperate blacks and whites in trains and means of transportation?

What Amendments were Involved

14th amendment, right to equal protection by law.

What is the Court's Ruling

No, the state law was within the constitutional boundaries. 7 for Ferguson - 1 against. They upheld state segregation.

What was the Impact of the Case

This case gave more rights to white and less to black people, this happened because of how they had separate carts even if they were both white and black they were put in the "colored" cars.

Summary Question #1

The Supreme Court made the decision to allow states to seperate blacks and whites in trains, schools, etc. For Plessy V Ferguson they did just that, they allowed this because they saw it as "seperate but equal" because they were equal. The minority wasnt being improperly treated just seperated. Another point in this is that it wasn't too long after the civil war and blacks were being given more rights but some people were still uneasy about having minority and majority mixed together and weren't used to having blacks being given the same rights as whites because blacks, 30 years before, were slaves with no rights.