Asia's Endagered Animals

Giant Panda -Ailuropoda Melanoleuca

Pro Sound Effects

Giant Panda Cub Call For Endangered Animals Awareness by Pro Sound Effects

Giant Pandas are Endangered

Giant pandas, also known as Ailuropoda Melanoleuca (their scientific name), are an endangered species of Asia. Their great numbers have been diminished over the years due to many threats. Throughout the day, one of their main objectives is to eat, as they need a lot of food to survive. They also have few predators, yet they still happen to be endangered.

Photo 1 Credit: Enoch Lau Photography via Wikimedia CC

Photo 2 Credit: Trisha Shears Photography via Wikimedia CC

Photo 3 Credit: Chen Wu Photography via Wikimedia CC

Description

Color:


  • Back and body – white
  • Black ears, limbs, shoulders, patches over eyes


Body:


  • Male is a little larger and heavier than female
  • Large head and jaws; teeth are flatter than other bears to grind bamboo
  • Have thumbs to better grasp objects (Ex: bamboo)
  • Has a carnivorous digestive system (stomach)


Characteristics:


  • Length: 150 -190 cms
  • Tail length: 10-15 cm
  • Male weight: 85-125 kgs
  • Female weight: 70-100 kgs


Mating:


  • Mating season: March – May
  • Males (call for mate): makes calls (very loud)
  • Females (call for mate): make bleats and moans


Reproduction:


  • Female gives birth once every 2 years during July – Sept.


(RL)

Food Chain

Above the giant panda (predators)


  • Leopards kill pandas for food
  • Humans kill pandas for fur
  • Also deforestation by humans destroy the pandas' main food source: bamboo


Below the giant panda (prey)


  • Eats mostly bamboo (about 99%)
  • Eats small amount of plants and meat (from animals that are already killed by others) when bamboo is unavailable or out of reach
  • Needs about 10-18 kg food daily to survive


(Ark)

Habitat

Description:


  • Mild temperatured and mountainous forests
  • Densely packed with bamboo
  • Previously found in hilly ravines at lower elevations


Changes through time:
  • Descend to lower elevations in winter
  • Sometimes take shelter in hollow trees, rock crevices, and caves


Location:


  • Elevation: 1,200 – 4,100 meters
  • Range: south – central China
  • Mountain ranges: Minshan, Qinling, Qionglai , Liangshan, Daxiangling, and Xiaoxiangling (total of about 30,000 sq. km)


(RL)


Below is the giant pandas' range:

The light green green part of the map is where the giant pandas used to live. The dark green is where they currently live. You can see how there was a large decrease in the area through time. The main reason these pandas were driven out of their original habitat was because of a lack of food due to deforestation. Thus, they now live in a smaller area of land where there still remains a considerable amount of bamboo to eat.

Photo Credit: WTCA Photography via Wikimedia CC

Adaptations


  • Previously lived in hilly ravines (in lower elevations)
  • Forced into higher mountains because of lack of bamboo and pachers
  • Has flat teeth to chew bamboo
  • Unlike other bears, has an opposable thumb to grab bamboo
  • They don't not hibernate because bamboo is available for them during winter


(Ark)

Threats

Habitat Loss:


  • Forests destroyed for agriculture, timber, and firewood
  • Livestock grazing prevents regenerating of forests.
  • Giant panda depends on bamboo immensely for food


Poaching:


  • Poaching was a bigger problem in the past
  • Still are sometimes kill in illegal snares
  • Set for other animals.


(Ark)

How you can help

Why we should help the giant panda:

  • Giant pandas are one of many species that are becoming extinct, and if we don't start to save species, the normal rate at which a species would become extinct would tremendously increase.
  • We must make sure that this rate of extinction stays where it is, and does not become faster. Saving the giant pandas would help lower this rate.
  • Giant pandas are also part of the food chain. If they were to become extinct there would be a large disturbance in the chain causing many more problems to arise.


What is being done currently:


  • Currently, the giant panda is under the highest level of protection under China’s Wildlife Protection Law.
  • New forests are being created for the giant panda
  • Already existing forests are being protected and improved
  • There are also many captive breeding programs


What you can do:

Many people are already helping save the giant panda! Read below and help your allies save the innocent animals!


  • You can donate to organizations that help endangered animals such as WWF. Thousands of people have already done so!
  • Spread the word about the giant panda and organizations that can help, so we can get more people to support them!
  • Choose not to travel to giant panda tourism sites in China (the government is trying to stop them from effecting the pandas)


(Ark)

Giant Pandas, a mother and a baby, in the San Diego Zoo

Other Endangered Asian Animals