Dome of the Rock

Sydney S

Location

The Dome of the Rock is under a shrine in the center of the Temple Mount. Which is located in Jerusalem, Israel.

Descripton

The stone inside the Dome of the Rock is 20 meters high and 10 meters in diameter. The actual rock is made of out lead. The shrine used to be covered in pure gold until it was removed by the King of Jordan. This removal process took a few centuries to complete. The sacred stone is surrounded by sixteen arches that came from many different churches in Jerusalem. The Dome of the Rock was one of the worlds greatest architectural masterpieces in ancient times and used to be the primary sacred site of Islam.

History

The Dome of the Rock was built between 687 and 691 and constructed by Adb al-Malik ibn Marwan. The reason it was built was a mixture of religion and politics. The dome is known as a shrine for pilgrims. Muhammad was said to have rose up to heaven from the rock. It was the greatest monumental building in the early Islamic times and has been called "Jerusalem most recognizable landmark". The Dome of the Rock sits exactly where the First and Second Temple both stood before they were destroyed. In 1187, Jerusalem was recaptured by Muslims and was turned into a Muslim shrine.

Why Sacred?

The Dome of the Rock is a place where Jews and Muslims have worshiped. They did not worship the stone at the same time or for the same reasons. The Dome of the Rock was important to the Jews because it was the place where Abraham prepared to offered his son Isaac on the Mount Moriah but only as an act of faith. The Dome of the Rock was sacred to Muslims because it was the place where Muhammad prayed and also rose to heaven. Dome of the Rock itself, is a sacred because people saw Jerusalem as a place where they could claim their power as success to the Emperors before them.

Interesting Facts

The Dome of the Rock is the oldest surviving Islamic building. It was built over a period of three years and was first made with gold. Years later, they switched the gold out with copper. The copper started to change color so they made the roofing out of aluminum instead. This process went on for many centuries.

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