The Three Colonies

By: Maddie Fosmoe

New England Colony

The New England Colonies settlement is the Pilgrims. The New England Colony has forests with a bunch of trees, we also have the Massachusetts Bay, and we have iron too. We also have warm summers, but very harsh winters.

Potential jobs we have earned are farming, cutting down timber from dense forests, building ships, fishing, and hunting whales. We made and traded tools, salt, gunpowder, crops, and other products to pay for other necessities. Our natural resources are cattle, water, trees (forests), and fish.

Roger Williams wants freedom and religion, but he fought to tell everyone that the civil leaders did not have the right to require everyone to work, so Williams became the leader. In 1636, Williams was forced to leave the colony.

The Middle Colony

The Middle Colonies settlement is Jamestown. The Middle Colony has rivers and a bunch of trees. Our climate in the Middle Colony is that it is warm.

The potential jobs we have are farming, sheltered harbors, merchants, traders, sailors, and dock workers. The goods we make and trade are wheat, tools, salt, and gunpowder. The natural resources we have is iron, rich soil, trees, and cattle.

The middle colony religion is the Quaker religion. Quakers were brought to war and felt people could pray in their own way. William Penn is a Quaker and he believed strongly in protecting each person's right, or freedom to practice his or her religion. He also believed in the rights of the Native Americans living on the land he had been given, and he promised to pay them a fair price for the land.

The Southern Colony

The Southern Colonies settlement is Roanoke. The Southern Colony has land that is flat, rivers, and trees. The climate in the Southern Colony is even warmer than the Middle Colony.

The potential jobs we have are farming, which includes planting cash crops, such as tobacco, and rice. Their large farms were called plantations. The other potential jobs we have are clearing trees, harvesting timber(trees), and the settlers built roads and bridges. The goods we make and trade are water, tobacco, rice tools, salt, and gunpowder. Our natural resources are water for transportation, trees, and rich soil.

The Southern colonies religion is Catholic. Maryland welcomed Catholics, who were not always welcomed in other colonies. In 1663, King Charles II granted Carolina to eight of his supporters. Then in 1729, the land was split into two sides, North Carolina and South Carolina. Both North Carolina and South Carolina has good soil for farming. In South Carolina, plantations grew valuable crops, and they relied on enslaved workers to farm and do other work.

Comparing and Contrasting


In 1585, Roanoke lived in North Carolina and Virginia. The people at Roanoke wanted to setup a North American colony to explore, but the settlement failed and they did not work with the explorers.


In 1607, Jamestown lived in Virginia. The people at Jamestown wanted to find riches in America and find a route to India and its spices. Settlers and slaves had to come together to form a culture of colonial Virginia.

Pilgrims at Plymouth

In 1620, the Pilgrims lived in Massachusetts Cap Cod . The Pilgrims at Plymouth were looking for money, but they wanted to practice their religion. Many of the Pilgrims died in winter because of diseases. Over half of the Pilgrims died of the diseases.