Canada in 2035
Will Canada be the greatest country in 2035?
Changes in Population
Interactions In the Physical Environment
Canada’s Physical Regions
- The Cordillera
- The Prairies
- The North
- The Canadian Shield
- The Great Lakes
- The St. Lawrence River
- The Atlantic
The North is located in the most northern areas of the country. The land in The North is called Tundra. This is because, this region is below zero degrees Celsius and is dry all year round. Having such a cold climate, tress do not grow and the region has short and cool summers.
The Great Lakes Lowland region of Canada covers most of Southern Ontario. Hills and plains formed in this region is formed of the sand, dust and mud left from the ice glaciers from multiple decades ago. The climate in this region is known for having cold winters and hot summers. Many industries such as manufacturing, construction, power generation, mining, agriculture, forestry and fishing can be found in this region.
An important region of Canada is the St. Lawrence River. The region is made up of three plains which are made up of many layers of sediment rich soil which is helpful for agriculture. The climate can have various climate changes from tropical conditions to arctic conditions. Summers can be extremely hot and humid while winters can be cold to a great extent.
The Atlantic covers eastern Canada. This region has many plains, highlands, mountains and lowlands. Rainfall and temperature isn't consistent. Ocean current can effect the weather of the region by bringing storms, heavy fog, rainfall or snowfall. Some natural resources found in this region are forestry, mining and fishing.
The Cordillera region covers most of western Canada. The climate in this area differs greatly due to the mountains. Coastal temperatures are usually warmer, and northern climates are cooler than southern climates. Winters can last up to 8 months in the northern part of the region. Forestry, fishing, and mining are the industries in the Cordillera region.
The Canadian Shield is found in the middle of Canada. This region is consisted of hills, highlands, plateaus, lowlands, plains, rivers and lakes. Industries found in this region include mining, forestry and power production. The main mineral mined in this region is nickel. Forestry in this region is able to provide a high number of employment for people. Majority of power production is hydroelectricity.
Canada's Vegetation Regions
Canada also has 7 vegetation regions which include:
- Boreal Forest/ Taiga
- Arctic Tundra
- Mixed Forest
- Deciduous Forest
- West Coast Forest
The Boreal Forest is the largest vegetation region. It is covered by plants that are capable of surviving cool summers and long, cold winters.
The Mixed Forest region is helpful for agriculture due to its rich soil it has to offer. Deciduous Forest is great at creating humus for the soil.
The Cordillera Vegetation is in the west coast of Canada and has too high elevation for suitable vegetation. The West Coast Forest is good growing conditions as there is good humus.
The Grasslands are prairies which are too dry for trees to grow in, but because of the humus and flat land is good condition for agriculture as well.
The Arctic Tundra is the second largest vegetation region in the country. This region is is treeless because of its low and summer temperatures and short growing seasons.
Climate Change in the Future
Greenhouse emission gases play a major role in global warming right now and in the future. They will be related to human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and the reduction of forests. With the these activities increasing as time goes by, it's soon going to be impossible to help reduce greenhouse gases affecting the climate. If greenhouse gasses continue to get trapped, the rate of people getting more diseases will also increase.
Managing Resources and Industries
We can help save forestry as long as we re-plant the trees that have been cut down so animals can not only have a healthy wildlife but so they maintain the ecological balance. If Canada were to preserve air quality by limiting or eliminating the discharge of harmful chemicals into the air and by minimizing the sources of air pollution, we can help change the drastic affects that climate change will have in the future but with so many people driving individually to work rather than carpooling, this may be a very difficult task.
Issues Canada will be Facing
Urban sprawl is the expansion of human populations away from urban areas into rural areas. Urban sprawl will definitely be a problem in the future. As more people come there are going to be more government expenses which is also going to increase the GDP of Canada. More congestion means more people per kilometer increasing the population density. Congestion will increase pollution which will enhance global warming.
The effects of urban sprawl are health issues, increase in traffic, impact on social lives and environmental issues. Canada will also be facing obesity. With each individual consuming more than they need, the population is going to have an increase chance of having obesity, diabetes and other diseases.
How Can We Help Solve Canada`s Issues?
Urban sprawl is a big problem is because of low land cost, lack of urban planing, and a rise in standard of living. To put this to an end, we'll need more urban planners, and raise land prices as well as the cost of living. By doing this, it will help the society will realize that they only need so much space for there families and get smaller homes resulting more space for living. A way to reduce obesity, diabetes and the increase intake of food is to increase prices of groceries, but mostly fast food restaurant prices so the society will choose fruits and vegetables to snack on rather than junk food. This will help them be healthy and reduce the number of people who are obese in the general population.