Exploring the Sun

Everything you need to know about the sun.

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Introduction

The Sun is a medium sized star. It is so much bigger than other stars because it is 1,000,000 times closer. The Sun is 93,000,000 miles away from Earth. The Sun is the only star scientists can study closely. The Sun can be about 23,000,000 degrees [f]. The next closest star is 1.3 million million miles away from Earth.

Things about the Sun

8 planets orbit around the Sun: Earth, Neptune, Mars, Venus, Mercury, Saturn, Uranus, and Jupiter. Pluto doesn't count becuase it is a dwarf planet. The Sun gives Rays of light, those rays effect the area ther pointing at. [WARNING, do not take risk of looking at the Sun, it will damage your eyes.] The Sun gives us heat and power to keep us alive. If there was no Sun there would be no life on Earth. That is because no plants would grow, there would be no power, no running water, we would freeze to death, and all the rain would turn into snow.
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Sunspots

The Sun does not take a break. Some times, super large storms called sunspots form on the Sun. The amount of sunspots change over an 11 year period called the sunspot cycle. Once a year when the Sun is quiet, huge sunspots form extremly rarely. Most of the time when the Sun is active, over 100 large sunspots appeer on the Sun. Scientists are not actually sure how sunspots form, they do know that the Sun acts like a giant magnet with the North and South Poles.

Inside the sun

Inside the Sun there is the Core, Radiactive zone, the Convective zone, and the Photosphere. The Photosphere is an ocean of bubbling and boiling gases, that makes the Sun's surface. In the word Photoshere, Photo means light. The Photosphere is about 10,000 degrees [F].
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Fun facts

The Sun was formed in the middle of the solar system. If there wasn't a Sun, there would be no living thing on earth. The core is the hottest part of the Sun. The Sun is a huge ball of matter. Staring at the Sun can injure your eyes. The Sun is close to the equator, so the Tropics are hot. The North and the South Poles are always cold because the Sun dosen't stay there long. The Sun gives us heat and power to keep us alive. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. Neptune is the farthest planet away from the Sun.