By Ayla Johnston

Climate Geography of North America

Humid Continental Climate

"A Humid Continental Climate covers the northeastern quarter of the nation."


Great Lakes


a series of five lakes between the U.S. and Canada, comprising Lakes Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Superior; connected with the Atlantic by the St. Lawrence River.

Atlantic Ocean


an ocean bounded by North America and South America in the Western Hemisphere and by Europe and Africa in the Eastern Hemisphere. About 31,530,000 sq. mi. (81,663,000 sq. km); with connecting seas about 41,000,000 sq. mi. (106,100,000 sq. km); greatest known depth, 30,246 feet (9219 meters).

Humid Subtropical Climate

"A Humid Subtropical climate is found in the southeastern quarter of the United States."


"A warm ocean current flowing N from the Gulf of Mexico, along the E coast of the U.S., to an area off the SE coast of Newfoundland, where it becomes the western terminus of the North Atlantic Current." Gulf Stream

An arm of the Atlantic surrounded by the U.S., Cuba, and Mexico. 700,000 sq. mi. (1,813,000 sq. km); greatest depth 12,714 feet (3875 meters). Gulf of Mexico

Tropical Savanna

"Florida extends beyond the Humid Subtropical region.this area has a Tropical Savanna climate"


Florida Keys


a chain of small islands and reefs off the coast of S Florida. About 225 miles (362 km) long.



a republic in the Caribbean, S of Florida: largest island in the West Indies. 44,218 sq. mi. (114,525 sq. km). Capital: Havana.

Steppe Climate

"This semiarid climate supports vast grass lands but few trees"

Steppe Climate Map



Great Plains


a semiarid region E of the Rocky Mountains, in the U.S. and Canada.


noun, plural tor·na·does, tor·na·dos. 1. a localized, violently destructive windstorm occurring over land, especially in the Middle West, and characterized by a long, funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground and made visible by condensation and debris.



a transient storm of lightning and thunder, usually with rain and gusty winds, sometimes with hail or snow, produced by cumulonimbus clouds.

Highland Climate

"The Rockey Mountains have Highland Climate,with temperatures and precipitation dependent upon elevation and exposure."


Rocky Mountains


the chief mountain system in North America, extending from central New Mexico to N Alaska. Highest peak, Mount McKinley, 20,300 feet (6187 meters).

rain shadow

noun Meteorology .

a region in the lee of mountains that receives less rainfall than the region windward of the mountains.


"The Intermountain region, located between the major mountains areas of the west has mainly desert and steppe climates due to the its Rain shadow location."




a period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops.

Dust Bowl

noun the region in the S central U.S. that suffered from dust storms in the

Marine West Cost Climate

"The Marine West Cost Climate dominates the Pacific Northwest."





a seaport in W Washington, on Puget sound.

Pacific Ocean


an ocean bordered by the American continents, Asia, and Australia: largest ocean in the world; divided by the equator into the North Pacific and the South Pacific. 70,000,000 sq. mi. (181,300,000 sq. km); greatest known depth, 35,433 feet (10,800 meters).

Mediterranean Climate

"The Pacific cost region has two climates Marine West Coast and Mediterranean."


California Current


a cold current originating in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean, flowing SE along the coast of W North America.

Coast Ranges

A series of mountain ranges of extreme western North America extending from southeast Alaska to Baja California along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean.

Humid Tropical Climate

The Hawiian Islands fall in the Easterly Trade Wind Belt, they are wetter on the windward,eastern sides where they have a Humid Tropical Climate. On the leeward,western slopes there is a drier Tropical Savanna Climate



noun, plural vol·ca·noes, vol·ca·nos.


a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc., are expelled, either continuously or at irregular intervals.


a mountain or hill, usually having a cuplike crater at the summit, formed around such a vent from the ash and lava expelled through it.

trade winds

Winds that blow steadily from east to west and toward the equator over most of the Torrid Zone. The trade winds are caused by hot air rising at the equator, with cool air moving in to take its place from the north and from the south. The winds are deflected westward because of the Earth's west-to-east rotation. Compare antitrades.

Subarctic Climate

"Alaska is the northernmost sate and the only one that extends into the Subarctic and Tundra." "A Subarctic climate in the interior"




Located between mountains or mountain systems, especially lying between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada or Cascade Range in the western United States.


noun, plural plateaus, plateaux [platohz or, esp. British, platohz] Show IPA .


a land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side, and often cut by deep canyons.

Tundra Climate

"Alaska is the northernmost sate and the only one that extends into the Subarctic and Tundra." " A Tundra climate along the north and west Coasts."


Rocky Mountains also Rock·ies (rkz)

A major mountain system of western North America extending more than 4,827 km (3,000 mi) from northwest Alaska to the Mexican border. The system includes numerous ranges and forms the Continental Divide. Its highest elevation is Mount Elbert, 4,402.1 m (14,433 ft), in central Colorado. In Canada the Rockies rise to 3,956.5 m (12,972 ft) at Mount Robson in eastern British Columbia. Sections of the mountains were explored by Coronado, Lewis and Clark, Zebulon Pike, Sir Alexander Mackenzie, and Simon Fraser.

Interior Plains

The Interior Plains is a vast physiographic region that spreads across the Laurentian craton of central North America.