Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th President of the United States
The Election of 1952
-Democrat Adlai Stevenson, Illinois.
-Richard Nixon served as his running mate and later became the Vice President of the United States.
-Eisenhower won with 442 electoral votes and 33,936,234 popular votes.
-Held on Tuesday, November 4, 1952, the election was a factor in the tension behind the Cold War.
The Election of 1956
-Eisenhower was in the people's favor for another term serving as the president.
-Eisenhower won with 457 electoral votes and 35,590,472 popular votes.
-This election came directly after Eisenhower called quits on the Korean War, so he was in good standings with a typical American family trying to turn away from anything war, which Ike was doing exactly.
Cold War Regulator
- tensions between the U.S.S.R. and United States from 1945 to 1990.- Eisenhower commanded power over Europe and other nations during World War II. During the start of his Army career, he served in historical battles such as Pearl Harbor under General Pershing, MacArthur, and Krueger. On D-Day he was assigned to be a Commander to regulate the troops going into France.
-Because of his military background and expertise in the field, Eisenhower maintained the tensions of the Cold War in a professional manner.
-A promoter of peace, especially in Korea and Russia, Eisenhower stood for the freedom of America.
-With relations to Stalin, and other Communist dictators, Eisenhower was a neutral inspiration to other nations during the Cold War. For example, Ike was able to stand the pressures of the Cold War, he understood what was going on and did not over-react to create increasing tensions between nations.
-The Space Race was a challenge during his presidency and something that the whole nation was competitive in. To prove wether or not the USA was capable of space exploration was put to the test when the USSR launched their historical pride and joy Sputnik.
-Social Security was introduced during his era which was a major hit and a natural success that still remains in effect in today's version of the United States.
-The interstate was made possible because of his creatively efficient ideas of troops traveling to and from locations as well.
-Warsaw Pact was signed under his presidency, along with National Defense Education Act
- Joseph McCarthy did a number of things to corrupt the American government during the decade.
- From 1947 until his death, McCarthy served as the governor of the United States as a Republican.
-Strongly accused General George Marshall
-A promoter of communism, McCarthy created a new form of rule known as McCarthyism. This consisted of an irrational, confusing, and incompatible form of government that made him unfavorable and created the second red scare.
-This made americans live in fear of approaching or possible communism.
-died due to alcoholism on May 2, 1957
Disintergration in the South
-Enrolled at Little Rock Central High School in 1957, a group of nine african american boys and girls attended this segregated school, and was stopped and challenged by their own state governor along with state troops.
-This group of kids decided to take their situation to washington and present it to Eisenhower in hopes of federal help.
-Because of Brown vs Topeka act installed made segregation taking place in public schools completely illegal.
-With a misunderstanding in a meeting between Eisenhower governor Faubus, riots continued to break out in the school. Eisenhower eventually upheld the law and created justice for the nine school-goers.
-The Brown vs Board of Education was a law passed in 1954, declared all public schools illegal if segregated. This was a historic triumph for the government.
-Serving as a planned protest campaign headed by african americans in Montgomery Alabama, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was fired up on December 1st of 1955 when Rosa Parks said her famous "no" to a man who wanted to take her seat on the bus. -Because of a large population (african americans) not using the public transportation system, the system lost money and power.
-Martin Luther King and Ralph Abernathy were key contributors as well. This lead to the illegalisation of a segregated form of public transportation.
-The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was the first act passed by congress regarding civil rights.
-soviets launched Sputnik I on October 4, 1957. Sputnik II was launched a month later
-U.S. launched satellite into space in Feb. 1958
-Eisenhower opted out of helping France and Britan because of a fear of war with Asian nations
-Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957
-Suez Crisis occurs.