Personal Examinations

What You Should Know to Keep Your Health

Mammograms

  1. Mammograms can be used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease. Basically trying to catch it before it develops into something fatal.

  2. Women should be the ones taking this exam.

  3. For most women, who are not at especially high risk of breast cancer, regular mammograms can start at age 50. Or, to be cautious, a woman can get one mammogram earlier (around age 45) and then if it is normal, wait until she is 50 for her next mammogram.

  4. You should take this exam every other year after starting.

Pap Smears

  1. These tests can detect abnormal cells that have the potential to transform into cervical cancer, a process that is linked to infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in this country. The Pap smear itself does not detect any other sexually transmitted diseases.

  2. Both men and women should take this test.

  3. Gynecologists recommend a Pap smear beginning at age 21.

  4. Then typically every 3 to 5 years after.

Testicular exams

  1. This test screens for cancer in men's specially designated parts.

  2. These exams should be for men.

  3. &4. Men should start taking these at 18 and retake every other year.

Prostate exams

  1. This test commonly screens for prostate cancer.

  2. Both men and women should take it.

  3. In general, it is recommended that men with an average risk of prostate cancer start being screened with a digital rectal exam and PSA blood levels at age 50.

  4. This test should be taken every 4 Years