History of Classification

Kenia Diaz Period 3 Zoology Lahee

350 BC Aristotle

  • classification of things based on similarity and resemblance
  • Knowledge can be collected and ordered
  • Characteristics are inherited


Pliny the Elder 23 - 79

  • he was inspired by Aristotle
  • Classification of things based on similarity and resemblance


Konrad Gesner 1516 - 1565

  • Information emerges from collecting, organizing, and drawing specimens


John Ray 1627- 1707

  • regarded as one of the earliest of English parson - naturalist
  • his classification of plants in his history


Robert Hooke 1635 - 1703

  • Knowledge comes from close observation and visual description


Antoni van Leeuwenhoek 1632 - 1723

  • Knowledge comes from close observation and visual description


Carolus Linnaeus 1707 - 1778

  • Classification of things based on reproduction and relationships


James Hutton 1726 - 1797

  • Geological process occurring today are similar to those that have always occurred
  • small changed over great amount of time produce significant transformations
  • earth is much other than previously though


George Gaylord Simpson 1902 - 1984

  • one of the greatest and most influential paleontologist
  • played a role in developing the understanding of intercontinental migrations of extinct mammals