LGBTQA+ Rights and Marriage

Cait Gordon

What Does LGBTQA Mean?

L: Lesbian (Woman who is attracted to women)

G: Gay (Primarily a man who likes men, but also used for lesbians)

B: Bisexual (Man or woman who likes both men and women)

T: Transgender (Someone who does not identify with the gender they biologically are, or the gender they were born as)

Q: Queer (Often used as an umbrella term for the LGBT+ community, also sometimes used as a term to define those who dont identify with any specific LGBT+ term)

A: Asexual/ Aromantic/ Ally (Asexual is a term used to define those who dont experience any sexual thoughts/feelings. Aromantic is similar, but it is used to define those who feel no romantic attraction. An Ally is simply someone who supports LGBT+)

+: There are many other terms, sexualities, and genders not commonly discussed, hence the plus

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The Stonewall Riots

Saturday, June 28th 1969 at 6am

Stonewall Inn, New York

The riots started on June 28th, 1969, after a police raid at The Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York. The Stonewall Inn was also a popular place for crossdressers, people who dress and possibly act like the opposite gender. A crossdresser is not the same thing as a transgendered person. In the 60's and 70's, most gay bars were connected to organized crime, hence the police raid. The officers claimed immoral conduct laws, laws that punished behavior deemed innapropriate by society, made their actions legal. Stonewall was closed, as a result of an improper license to sell alcohol, and most patrons were arrested. Many people in the LGBT community took this as an insult to the community. The riots began after a portion of the bar was set on fire. It is not clear who set the building on fire. The riots lasted until early July, and this was one of the first major LGBT events.
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Important Events

  • June 1969: Stonewall Inn Raid and Corresponding Riots
  • The 1970s: a decade full of widespread celebration of coming out, most homosexuals came out and publicly displayed it
  • 1977: Harvey Milk became the first openly homosexual person elected to office, on the San Francisco Board of Directors
  • 1980s: Big AIDS (Auto Immune Disorder, a STD found mostly in gay men) outbreak sets the LGB community back, as people begin to associate homosexuals with promiscuity and danger.
1986: Bowers vs. Hardwick

  • United States Supreme Court ruled that consenting adults of proper age still could not participate in homosexual activities, even if it was in the confines of their home
  • Michael Hardwick: man arrested in Atlanta, Georgia for having sexual relations with another man in his home
  • a police officer was coming over to arrest Hardwick, falsely thinking that he hadnt shown up in court for no reason. Unbeknownst to him, Hardwick had already payed the fine. Hardwick's roommate let the officer in, and the officer arrested Hardwick after finding him with the other man, saying Georgia's Anti-Sodomy law made it just.

  • 2009: Matthew Sheppard and James Byrd JR Hate Crime Prevention Act. Matthew Sheppard was a gay man who was tortured and killed in Wyoming as a result of this in 1998
  • 2013: Boy Scouts ended ban on gay youth in their troops
  • 2015: Boy Scouts ended ban on gay troop leaders

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how they stood up

These people stood up for what they believed in because being homosexual was, in some ways, illegal. By being openly homosexual or standing up for the openly homosexual people, they were sometimes arrested, but none of this stopped them.