The Menstrual Cycle
Stages- 1- Follicle Stage
2- Ovulation Stage
3- Corpus Luteum stage or Luteal Phase
- Definition- an abnormal absence of menstruation.
- What causes it? Chromosomal or genetic abnormalities, Hypothalamic, Excessive exercise, eating disorders, extreme physical or psychological stress, or a combination of these factors. Pregnancy.
- Breast size changes.
- Weight gain or weight loss.
- Discharge from the breast or change in breast size.
- Acne and increased hair growth in a male pattern.
- Vaginal dryness.
- Voice changes.
What causes it?- excessive levels of prostaglandins,
- fibroids – benign tumors that develop within the uterine wall or are attached to it. Adenomyosis – the tissue that lines the uterus (called the endometrium) begins to grow within its muscular walls
- a sexually transmitted infection (STI)
- endometriosis – fragments of the endometrial lining that are found on other pelvic organs
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is primarily an infection of the fallopian tubes, but can also affect the ovaries, uterus, and cervix
- Symptoms- Most common is pain in lower abdomen
What causes it? related to the fluctuating levels of hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, that occur in preparation for menstruation.
- Breast tenderness
- Weight gain
- Trouble concentrating
- Food cravings/overeating
- Mood swings and/or depression
What causes it?- It happens in a womans life. The common age is 50
Symptoms- Sexual inercourse, fatigue, night sweats, osteoporosis, hot flashes, or sweating,early awakening or insomnia, anxiety, dry skin, irritability, moodiness, reduced sex drive, or vaginal dryness.