The Battle of Trenton
Months before the battle of Trenton took place, the continental army had been suffering many losses. This resulted in a hefty drop in moral. One week prior to the battle, George Washington decided to attack Trenton, New Jersey.
- The Plan of the Americans where to launch coordinated attacks from three different directions.
- General John Cadwalader would launch a attack against the British garrison at Bordentown, New Jersey to block off reinforcements from the south.
- General James Ewing would take 700 militia across the river at Trenton Ferry, to prevent enemy troops from escaping.
- The main force of 2,400 men would cross the river 9 miles north of Trenton and split into two groups, one under Greene and one under Sullivan.
- Sullivan would attack the town from the south and Greene from the north.
- The Hessian weren’t expecting General Washington’s attack. When Washington arrived he thought the Hessians were on guard, but he was wrong.
- The evening before Washington’s attack the Hessian General Rall had received a warning that Americans were coming. But those where 50 other Americans who attacked a Hessian outpost. The Hessian thought that the attack was already over.
- When Washington arrived in Trenton the Hessians were exhausted and unprepared for him and his Men’s.
- Although General Rall tried to gather his troops he never establish an effective defensive structure.
- He got shot quickly and was deadly wounded.
- The Hessians quickly surrendered and the only dead Americans in this battle were two soldiers who were frozen to dead on the march to Trenton.
- On the Hessian side there were 22 killed, 92 wounded, 918 captured and 400 escaped Men’s.
- This battle gave the Continental Congress new confidence, as it proved colonial forces could defeat regulars.
- It also increased re-enlistments in the Continental Army forces. By defeating a European army, the colonials reduced the fear which the Hessians had caused earlier that year after the fighting in New York