From bill to law

By: Zoe Shields and Alexander Wanser

Ideas

The idea is the first step to starting a bill. These ideas can come from private citizens, the white house, or a organization of people with common interests (special-interest groups)

Introduction

Only a senator or a representative can introduce a bill before congress will consider it. The bill will be given a title and a number when submitted.
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Committee Action

After being introduced the bill gets sent to the standing committee that is related to the bill, they have five choices on what they can do to the bill.


  1. Pass the bill
  2. Mark up the bill with changes and suggest it be passed
  3. Replace it with a new bill
  4. ignore the bill and let it die
  5. Kill the bill by majority vote
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Floor of house/senate

Members of the house/senate argue the pros and cons of the bill and discuss amendments relevant to the bill. Senate can attach unrelated amendments onto the bill

Voting

Voting in the house is done in three days


  1. Voice Vote - people in favor say yea and people against say no
  2. Standing Vote- people who are in favor of the bill stand, then those who oppose stand
  3. Roll Call Vote- When senators name is called they either say aye or no
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Conference Committee

Have to come up with same bill before it can become a law, then it goes to the senate. The senate can either accept or reject it
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Presidential Action

If the senate passes the law it goes to the president who can either sign the law or veto it
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