Indigenous Movement

The Zapatistas

Summarize Information

In South Eastern, Mexico there are a group of indigenous people called the Zapatistas, they are a revolutioners. They are women, men, elders and children who live in the state of Chiapas who decided to commence a rebellious strike against the Mexican government because of economic improvement. By urban request, the indigenous drastically started losing their land. Furthermore, The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) which was a trade agreement between Canada, United States and Mexico that would increase the amount of exports and imports was a threat to the country's abolishment of the ejido. Ejidos refers to land used for agriculture. Also, the NAFTA would lead to an impoverishment of the Indians. The Zapatistas main goal was to gain land reform and land redistribution. They were also demanding greater political and cultural self-government which consisted of a new Mexican Constitution for the indigenous people of Chiapas and the rest of Mexico since the one established contain many unfair treatments. On January 1, 1994, the same day that NAFTA went into effect, 3,000 poorly armed, mostly Mayan guerrilla soldiers, as well as the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) invaded four major Chiapas towns. Represnetives of the Zapatistas met with government officials and harbor peace talks. However, the government decided to start an unknown war against the rebels. President Zedillo immediately sent the Mexican army and air force to forcibly put an end to the rebellion. This caused thousands of Mexican citizens to protest in public areas such as zocalos, demanding that Zedillo put an end to the military attack against the Mayan rebels. As stated in the article, "Twenty Years Since the Chiapas Rebellion" says,"Within twelve days Zedillo halted the attack and the EZNL agreed to a truce, the beginning of what has been a twelve- year standoff in Chiapas"(La Botz2014). All of Mexico and some parts around the globe were impacted by this rebellious strike. It came to form the first leftist or left wings politics after the fall of Communism and the break-up of the Soviet Union, a new left was formed in the Lacandón Jungle of Chiapas.

Are the Zapatistas in Chiapas still facing democratic issues?

Are the Zapatistas in Chiapas still facing democratic issues? The Zapatistas have face discrimination and lack of rights since the Spanish conquer Mexico. The Mexican government has a also been inequitable to the Chiapas people. They have never experience rights as other Mexican citizens. All their labor, cottages and education has been constructed by their own will, because the Mexican government never contributed to their need. That was a reason of their rebellion. Even after the government and the Zapatistas signed the law that is know as " Peace Accords of San Andres" no peace was respected. The government still continue to torment the Zapatistas. They figure out that the war against them was never going to end. Their only hope was to take action among themselves. They started making a name for themselves by doing peace strikes all along of Mexico. Slowly, Mexican citizens started acknowledging them and commece to support them. Before they knew it the Zapatistas were globally known and now the government could not do anything against them because they had supporters. Supporters that cared and knew who they were. Now they have their own stable government call "The Good Government", "because the people make their own desc icons and work together: there's no bosses, no one telling them what to do" as stated in the video, www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDNuzFQW3uI.

Bibliography / OPVL

“The Ecology Of the Zapatista Revolt.” Cultural Survival. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/mexico/ecology-zapatista-revolt> This website showed me the effects that ,The Zapatista movement had on Mexico and how it develop a new civilation for the Chiapas people. This website help me find out how their Chiapas origins were being discriminated. It just didn't have enough details why or how it happen.


“Zapatistas: 20 Years of Reinventing Revolution.” ROAR Magazine RSS. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://roarmag.org/2014/01/zapatista-autonomy-reinventing-revolution/> This website was about why the Zapatistas decided to go into a riot. This website help me gain knowledge in the Zapatistas purpose to go into strike.this website had too much detail information.

“Zapatismo.” Zapatismo. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://mexicosolidarity.org/programs/alternativeeconomy/zapatismo/en>

This website talked about how Zapatismo has been a great inspiration to everyone globally. It help me research more on the topic of how the Zapatistas gain acknowledgement. This website was very long and most of the information was useless.

“Are Mexico's Zapatista Rebels Still Relevant?” - Al Jazeera English. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2014/01/are-mexico-zapatista-rebels-still-relevant-20141183731812643.html>


Bibliography

“From Fire To Autonomy: Zapatistas, 20 Years of Walking Slowly.” Truthout. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/21427-from-fire-to-autonomy-zapatistas-20-years-of-walking-slowly>