Close and Critical Reading

Supporting Secondary Students Across the Content Areas

What is Close Reading?

“Close Reading of text involves an investigation of a short piece of text, with multiple readings done over multiple instructional lessons. Through text-based questions and discussion, students are guided to deeply analyze and appreciate various aspects of the text, such as key vocabulary and how its meaning is shaped by context; attention to form, tone, imagery and/or rhetorical devices; the significance of word choice and syntax; and the discovery of different levels of meaning as passages are read multiple times.”

(Brown and Kappes, 2012)

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: A primer on “close reading of text”

Scaffolds of Close Reading

•Repeated Readings


•Collaborative Conversations

•Text-Dependent Questions

The Four Phases of Close Reading (Fisher & Frey)

Big image

What Does This Mean for Teaching & Learning?

Students need:
  • time and resources to build "reading stamina" with engaging, self-selected texts;
  • many opportunities to practice close reading of complex text across the content areas;
  • support in developing academic language proficiency through speaking, listening, and close reading;
  • learning tasks requiring evidence to inform, argue and analyze (write and speak with support from sources).
Staff must:
  • collaborate on reading strategies and academic vocabulary across the curriculum;
  • discuss what content-area reading students are experiencing and what they are doing to support students in navigating complex text;
  • address fluency for those students who need it.

Complex Text Resources

Big image