You've Been Served
(Court Trial, Not Food)
When you asked to appear before court, you are given a summons
- Summons- an order to appear before a judge
Before the trial begins, there is a conference called a pretrial conference.
- Pretrial Conference- a conference held before the trial begins (pretrial) to discuss the issues to be tried.
What Happens Next
The defendant appears for arraignment.
- Defendant- the one accused
Defendant then establishes a plea bargain
- Plea Bargain- defendant agrees to plead guilty to a particular charge
- Plaintiff- person who brings the case against the defendant
During the trial, the evidence is brought up.
- Trial- a formal examination of evidence before a judge
The evidence is examined in a process called preponderance of evidence.
- Preponderance of Evidence- test of evidence required to convict in a criminal trial
Ways To Solve A Dispute
There are a couple ways to solve a dispute in court. They are mediation and arbitration
- Mediation-intervention into a dispute in order to resolve it
- Arbitration- the use of an arbitrator (person appointed to solve a dispute) to solve a dispute in court
Formal Statements and Documents
Pleadings and complaints are some examples of formal items in court
- Pleading- the formal statement of the cause of an action or defense
- Complaint- formal legal document that sets out facts and legal reasons
The court can make two decisions based on the trial. It can make a verdict or an appeal
- Verdict- a decision on the disputed issue of a case
- Appeal-reversing the decision that the lower court made