Latin American Reovlution

Political affects/stance from the revolution

Background

The Latin revolutions were, a bunch of other revolutions and events among countries and groups in the south the result needed up with overthrown governments in Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama.

Caste System

There were 4 group/classes in the south during the period of the Latin Revolutions. The rights of citizens and non citizens swell as their power stance politically really came from their class. They were ranked from those with the most power to the ones with the least power. Here are the classes and what they were made up of:

1) Peninsulares- They were the highest class, at the top of the pyramid they were those that were born in Spain.

2) Creoles- They were people of European descent born in the colonies.

3) Mestizos and Mulattoes- These 2 groups were at the same level of power not the lowest, but pretty low. Mestizos were people of mixed Native American and European descent. Mulattoes were people of mixed African and European descent.

4) At the bottom of classes were Native Americans and people of African descent.

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Key political players throughout Latin American revolutions

Social Problems during the Latin American Revolutions


  • Feuds among leaders arose.
  • Geographic barriers came in the way.
  • The social hierarchy continued from the past.
  • Conservatives liked the old social order.
  • Liberals wanted land reforms, and they depended on foreign nations for capital and economic investments.
  • Results from the revolution ended up with the Caudillos taking power and new nations becoming economically dependent.
  • Dictatorship and totalitarian systems came together
  • Dependency theory challenged the “Modernity” theory in which western european markets determined the product and South America depended upon others buying their one crop.

People and groups that contributed to the Latin American political structure

Caudillos- they overthrew governments and took away any basic human rights. Some attempted to make improvements, but most of them just cared about themselves and their families and friends. Their power changes usually occurred at bayonet- point.
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Liberalism and its Political side

    Though South Americans gained independence from colonial governments during the 19th century, their governments remained authoritarian and no powerful legislatures were created to share the power with political leaders. Liberalism something seen and heard about a lot throughout the Latin American revolutions. Liberals supported a government with an elected legislature who represented the people in political decision-making. These representatives were generally from the elite, but were selected usually by vote from a popular base of citizens. Focus was generally on liberty or freedom from oppression, rather than on equality. By the 1930s the failure of liberalism in solving societal problems was apparent. Latin Americaʹs middle class had entered politics, but only in alliance with the existing oligarchy or the military. Liberalismʹs concepts simply were not suited to Latin American economic and social reality. Intellectuals began to look into their own cultures for solutions and lost faith in Western democracy.

    Politcal side and stance after the Latin American Revolutions

    Latin American nations in the 20th century shared problems with Third World countries with economic development and relations with more powerful economic societies. The earlier political independence of Latin America influenced political and social structures giving it it's characteristics. Their economy, depended upon Western investment and exports and were able to deal with fluctuation in the world system. Economic dependent played a part with political and cultural dependency in national life. Latin Americans struggled to gain social justice through either adopting ideologies. Economic expansion and preservation of the political statuses changed with hard times when efforts were made, broken, or political patterns provided social justice. Despite the top changes, Latin America remained relatively unchanged as old institutions adapted to new influences. Very few revolutions resulted in marked political changes. As the revolution became increasingly radical, it was denied by the Creole elites who could not support regicide, rejection of the Church's authority, and the social leveling set by the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

    LAST COUPLE KEY POINTS

    Latin America was demanding democratic government and social justice.

    Throughout the revolutions the government didn't progress much new ideas from individuals influenced it and added but the overall political structure remained pretty much the same. The political leaders wanted to resort to revolution to achieve democratic government and social justice. Political leaders were promoting political systems, just as protests against an oligarchic (ruled by an elite group) political system often resulted in an overturn of the government seen throughout the Latin American revolutions.