Russia

aka РОССИЯ

Country Basics

The size of Russia is 17,075,200 sq km (total). By land area, it is the biggest in the world. The land area is 16,995,800 sq km while the water area is 79,400 sq km. Its geographical coordinates are 60 00 N, 100 00 E.

Location of moscow:

Latitude: 55°45′07″ N
Longitude: 37°36′56″ E


The flag is white,blue, and red. The flag was first used as an ensign for Russian merchant ships.


Source: http://dateandtime.info/citycoordinates.php?id=524901

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Geography

Russia is located in Europe. The countries that surround Russia are: China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Estonia, Latvia, Norway, and Finland.
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Major Landforms

The major land forms of Russia (Physical features) are the Caucasus Mountains, Alta Mountains, Ural Mountains, Mount Elbrus, Kamchatka Peninsula, Siberian Plain, Siberian Plateau.

Source

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/russia/ruland.htm

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Government

The type of government that Russia has is a federation Government. Russia is a limited Government.


The leader of Russia is Vladimir Putin.


The leaders or presidents are elected for president.


Fundamental human rights and freedoms are inalienable and shall be enjoyed by everyone since the day of birth.

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Economy

Russia's GDP per capita is 14,611.70 in USD, in 2013. Russia is a poor country.


Russia's currency is RR or Russian ruble.


Their main exports/imports are energy, ( rolled steel, ferrous and non ferrous metals and minerals)


The life expectancy of Russia is 67, birth rate is 12.5% literacy rate is 99.7%, and the drinking water source in most of Russia is not drinkable and has to be sanitized.

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Culture

Traditional clothing that men wear are apparels. The clothing that women wear are dresses.


The major languages spoken in Russia is Russian, it is mostly spoken there.


The main religions of Russia are Orthodox Christianity, 75% of people describe themselves as religion believers.


The food that is popular is Shakily, it contains a lot of meat, which is put with the onion and then prepared on open fire.


The major holidays of Russia are:


January 1-5

New Year’s Vacation



January 7th

Christmas



February 23rd

Defender of the Motherland Day



March 8th

International Women’s Day



May 1st

Spring and Labor Celebration



May 9th

Victory Day



June 12th

Russia Day



November 4th

Civil Unity Day


Source: http://www.rusconhouston.mid.ru/eng_rusholidays.htm
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Climate

The general weather conditions of Russia is mostly cold and rainy.


Average yearly rainfall in Russia is 20 inches of rain.

History

Slavs in Russia: from 1500 BC

The steppes, which form a broad pathway into southern Russia from central Asia, have been occupied by nomads since distant prehistoric times. By contrast the northern forests, in a region covered by an ice cap until the end of the latest glacial period, only become open to human settlement some 10,000 years ago (see Ice Ages).

Vikings in Russia: from the 9th century

Unusually for the Vikings, trade rather than plunder is the main reason for their penetration deep into Russia during the 9th century AD. The rivers of eastern Europe, flowing north and south, make it surprisingly easy for goods to travel between the Baltic and the Black Sea.

One spot is particularly well-favoured as a trading centre. Near Lake Ilmen the headwaters of the Dvina, Dnieper and Volga rivers are close to each other. Respectively they flow into the Baltic, the Black Sea and the Caspian. Goods ferried by water between these important trading regions converge on this area. By the early 9th century Viking tribes known as the Rus have a base on the site of Novgorod.










Although they are not Slavs, there is justice in the Rus giving Russia her name. Their development of trade, particularly down the Dnieper (a route which becomes known as Austrvegr, or the 'Great Waterway'), lays the foundation of the Russian nation.

In 882 a Viking leader, Oleg, moves his headquarters down the Dnieper, seizing the town of Kiev. Here, in 911, he negotiates a commercial treaty with the Byzantine empire.








A Viking successor of Oleg's in Kiev, two generations later, describes how this first Russian city is the centre of a triangular trade between civilized Byzantium in the south, the steppe lands in the middle, and the wild forests of the north.

In this place 'all goods gather from all parts: gold, clothes, wine, fruits from the Greeks; silver and horses from the Czechs and Hungarians; furs, wax, honey and slaves from the Rus'.

Source: http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac14